Efficient degradation of environmental contaminants using Pd-RGO nanocomposite as a retrievable catalyst

  • Mahmoud NasrollahzadehEmail author
  • Babak Jaleh
  • Talat Baran
  • Rajender S. VarmaEmail author
Original Paper


Pd nanoparticles (NPs)/reduced graphene oxide (RGO) nanocomposite was prepared in a one-pot process by using Euphorbia stenoclada extract as antioxidant media in the absence of any surfactant, dangerous reactants or using external energy input. Catalytic potential of the fabricated Pd-RGO nanocomposite was examined for the degradation of environmental contaminants including Cr(VI), 4-nitrophenol (4-NP), Congo red (CR), methylene blue (MB) and methyl orange (MO). The Pd-RGO nanocomposite has been thoroughly characterized by employing X-ray diffraction, UV–Vis and TEM studies. Furthermore, recyclability and reusability aspects of the nanocomposite were monitored for multiple uses without much change in catalytic activity.

Graphic abstract


Greener synthesis Pd NPs Reduced graphene oxide Euphorbia stenoclada Environmental remediation Chromium(VI) Toxic dyes 4-Nitrophenol 



The supports provided by the University of Qom are appreciated. RSV gratefully acknowledges the support by the Operational Programme Research, Development and Education—European Regional Development Fund, Project No. CZ.02.1.01/0.0/0.0/16_019/0000754 of the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors confirm that no conflict of interest arises with regard to the research leading to this paper, nor with publication of this work.


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© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of ScienceUniversity of QomQomIran
  2. 2.Department of Physics, Faculty of ScienceUniversity of Bu-Ali SinaHamedanIran
  3. 3.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and LettersAksaray UniversityAksarayTurkey
  4. 4.Department of Physical Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Regional Centre of Advanced Technologies and MaterialsPalacky UniversityOlomoucCzech Republic

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