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Mapping incinerability of municipal solid waste in Indian sub-continent

  • Roshni Mary SebastianEmail author
  • Dinesh Kumar
  • Babu Alappat
Original Paper
  • 30 Downloads

Abstract

Effective municipal solid waste (MSW) management is essential for sustainable development of a region. Waste management strategies are, consequently, aimed at waste minimisation with material and energy recovery. Rising MSW generation rates, acute shortage of land resources and improving thermal characteristics have collectively contributed to the growth of waste-to-energy sector in developing countries like India. Negligible source segregation and the resultant heterogeneity of the MSW necessitate ascertaining its incinerability to assess the feasibility of the technology. Incinerability index or i-Index is, hence, used to estimate the incinerability of MSW generated in cities across the Indian sub-continent. An incinerability-based map is developed to illustrate the variations in incinerability across the country. The lifestyle habits, topography, income level of the residents, culture and food habits are found to affect the composition and in turn the incinerability. The variations in incinerability of MSW generated in the northern, southern, eastern and western regions are graphically identified using incinerability plot or i-Plot. The reported power generation potential from MSW in Indian states is also found to be consistent with the incinerability of the MSW feed and the daily waste generation rates.

Graphic abstract

Keywords

Municipal solid waste Incinerability Waste-to-energy Composite indicator Thermal treatment 

List of symbols

3-E

Environment, energy recovery and economic criteria

AHP

Analytic hierarchy process

C&D

Construction and demolition

C

Average composition of component (%)

cj

Component fraction (%) in jth city

DPR

Detailed project report

GHG

Greenhouse gas

GoI

Government of India

m

Number of cities

MCD

Municipal corporation of Delhi

MNRE

Ministry of New and Renewable Energy

MoEFCC

Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change

MSW

Municipal solid waste

n

Number of parameters

NGO

Non-governmental organisation

NSDP

Net state domestic product

NTPC

National thermal power corporation

NV

Normalised value

Pi

Normalised value of ith parameter

RDF

Refuse-derived fuel

TPD

Tonnes per day

TPY

Tonnes per year

ULB

Urban local body

UP

Uttar Pradesh

wi

Weightage of ith parameter

WtE

Waste-to-energy

xj

Per capita generation in jth city

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

10098_2019_1771_MOESM1_ESM.docx (2.4 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 2469 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringIIT DelhiHauz Khas, New DelhiIndia
  2. 2.North Delhi Municipal CorporationNew DelhiIndia

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