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Green synthesis of bimetallic copper–silver nanoparticles and their application in catalytic and antibacterial activities

  • Jawhara Al-Haddad
  • Fatima Alzaabi
  • Priyabrata PalEmail author
  • K. Rambabu
  • Fawzi BanatEmail author
Original Paper
  • 77 Downloads

Abstract

The present research is focused on the synthesis of copper–silver bimetallic nanoparticles using the extracts from the date palm tree (Phoenix dactylifera) leaves. The effect of operational parameters such as type of solvent, pH of the plant extract, salt concentration, and the solution temperature on the particle size and yield of the resultant nanoparticles is reported for the first time. Water–ethanol mixture of 1:1 (v/v) ratio was found to be the best solvent for the extraction of phenolic compounds from the leaves. The novelty of this work lies in the fact that the addition of capping reagent extracted by the green synthesis process from aqueous Sidr leaves reduced the average particle size of the nanoparticles to 26 nm. The characterizations of the copper–silver bimetallic nanoparticles were performed using particle size analyzer, scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray, and X-ray diffraction analysis. Thus, the synthesis of bimetallic copper–silver nanoparticle using palm leaves extract would provide the associated process chemistry. Produced bimetallic nanoparticles were used to establish their catalytic activity to degrade the methylene blue dye from aqueous solution. Well diffusion studies using the as-produced nanoparticles on Bacillus subtilis (Gram-positive) and Escherichia coli (Gram-negative) exhibited the antibacterial ability of the copper–silver bimetallic nanoparticles. The potential catalytic activity for dye degradation and antibacterial assay using nanoparticles highlights the efficacy of the palm leaves and its components.

Graphic abstract

Keywords

Green synthesis Phoenix dactylifera Capping reagent Nanoparticles Methylene blue Antibacterial activity 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are thankful to Abeer Alnahdi, Amna Alhosani, Ayesha Almheiri, Haleema Saleem, and R. Swathy for their help in experimental work.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringKhalifa UniversityAbu DhabiUnited Arab Emirates
  2. 2.Department of Chemical EngineeringVellore Institute of TechnologyVelloreIndia

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