Synthesis of new materials based on metallurgical slags as a contribution to the circular economy

  • Marzhan Anaurbekovna SadenovaEmail author
  • Meruyert Erkinovna Utegenova
  • Jiří Jaromír Klemeš
Original Paper


This work is aimed at developing knowledge about the possibilities of a circular economy arising from the processing of metallurgical slag, which in a number of indicators is close to natural formations. The possibility of manufacturing ceramic catalyst carriers from natural raw materials and industrial waste (metallurgical slags) using powder metallurgy is considered. Properties of metallurgical slags are studied by X-ray diffraction analysis, methods of simultaneous thermal analysis (thermogravimetry/differential thermal analysis), optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. Studies have revealed the similarity of the structure and properties of natural raw materials and studied metallurgical slag. It was established that the studied metallurgical slags could be used as an additional component to the zeolite–bentonite base to create a ceramic carrier for the catalyst.

Graphic abstract

The scheme of manufacture of catalyst carriers from natural raw materials and metallurgical slag.


Ceramics synthesis Metallurgical slag Waste to secondary material Catalyst carrier 



This research has been supported by the Project IRN AP05134733 “Development of technology for obtaining new ceramic materials based on domestic raw materials, and technogenic wastes of metallurgical companies of Kazakhstan”, funded by Committee of Science of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan and the EU supported project “Sustainable Process Integration Laboratory – SPIL”, Project No. CZ.02.1.01/0.0/0.0/15_003/0000456 funded by EU “CZ Operational Programme Research, Development and Education”, Priority 1: Strengthening capacity for quality research under the collaboration agreement with D. Serikbayev East Kazakhstan State Technical University.


  1. Akhshik M, Panthapulakkal S, Tjong J, Sain M (2019) The effect of lightweighting on greenhouse gas emissions and life cycle energy for automotive composite parts. Clean Technol Environ Policy 3:1–12. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Balakrishnan M, Batra VS, Hargreaves JSJ, Pulford ID (2011) Waste materials—catalytic opportunities: an overview of the application of large scale waste materials as resources for catalytic applications. Green Chem 13:16–24. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Catalyst Carriers Market Forecast (CCMF) (2018). Accessed 10 Dec 2018
  4. Conesa JA, Caballero JA, Reyes-Labarta JA (2004) Artificial neural network for modelling thermal decompositions. J Anal Appl Pyrol 71:343–352. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Fan YV, Lee CT, Lim JS, Klemeš JJ, Le PTK (2019) Cross-disciplinary approaches towards smart, resilient and sustainable circular economy. J Clean Prod 232:1482–1491. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Freitas SMAC, Sousa LN, Diniz P, Martins ME, Assis PS (2018) Steel slag and iron ore tailings to produce solid brick. Clean Technol Environ Policy 20:1087–1095. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Javali S, Chandrashekar AR, Naganna SR, Manu DS, Hiremath P, Preethi HG, Vinod Kumar N (2017) Eco-concrete for sustainability: utilizing aluminium dross and iron slag as partial replacement materials. Clean Technol Environ Policy 19(9):2291–2304. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Karenov RS (2014) Ecological and economic problems of enterprises of the mining and metallurgical complex of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Bull Karaganda Univ 58–65 (in Russian) Google Scholar
  9. Kosinov N, Liu C, Hensen EJM, Pidko EA (2018) Engineering of transition metal catalysts confined in zeolites. Chem Mater 30:3177–3198CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Mah CM, Fujiwara T, Ho CS (2018) Environmental impacts of construction and demolition waste management alternatives. Chem Eng Trans 63:343–348. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Makarov DV, Melkonyan RG, Suvorova OV, Kumarova VA (2016) Prospects for the use of industrial waste for ceramic building materials. Mt News Anal Bull 5:254–281 (in Russian) Google Scholar
  12. MIID RK (Ministry of Industry and Infrastructural Development of the Republic of Kazakhstan) (2018) Register of the best “green” technologies. Accessed 20 Apr 2018 (in Russian)
  13. Montoya-Bautista CV, Avella E, Ramírez-Zamora RM, Schouwenaars R (2019) Metallurgical wastes employed as catalysts and photocatalysts for water treatment: a review. Sustainability 11:1–16. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Mymrin V, Nagalli A, Catai RE, Izzo RLS, Rose J, Romano CA (2016) Structure formation processes of composites on the base of hazardous electric arc furnace dust for production of environmentally clean ceramics. J Clean Prod 37:888–894. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Nizamani AA, Ismail AR, Junin R, Dayo AQ, Tunio AH, Ibupoto ZH, Sidek MAM (2017) Synthesis of titania–bentonite nanocomposite and its applications in water-based drilling fluids. Chem Eng Trans 56:949–954. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Paredes JR, Ordóñez S, Vega A, Diez FV (2004) Catalytic combustion of methane over red mud-based catalysts. Appl Catal B 47:37–45. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Perez-Garcia F, Parron-Rubio ME, Garcia-Manrique JM, Rubio-Cintas MD (2019) Study of the suitability of different types of slag and its influence on the quality of green grouts obtained by partial replacement of cement. Materials 12:1–15. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Pratt KC, Christoverson V (1982) Hydrogenation of a model hydrogen–donor system using activated red mud catalyst. Fuel 61:460–462. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Rubio-Cintas MD, Barnett SJ, Perez-García F, Parron-Rubio ME (2019) Mechanical-strength characteristics of concrete made with stainless steel industry wastes as binders. Constr Build Mater 204:675–683. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Sadenova MA (2001) Copper-containing zeolite catalysts on block carriers for oxidative and complex purification of gases. PhD Thesis, D.V.Sokolskiy Institute of Organic Catalyst and Electrochemistry, Republic of Kazakhstan (in Russian) Google Scholar
  21. Sadenova MA, Abdulina SA, Utegenova ME, Kablanbekov BM, Ryspaev TA (2014) Receipt of new materials based on natural mineral raw materials of East Kazakhstan. Complex use of mineral raw materials, vol 3, pp 86–92 (in Russian) Google Scholar
  22. Sadenova MA, Abdulina SA, Tungatarova SA (2016) The use of natural Kazakhstan zeolites for the development of gas purification catalysts. Clean Technol Environ Policy 18:449–459. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Schwarz JA, Contescu C, Contescu A (1995) Methods for preparation of catalytic materials. Chem Rev 95:477–510CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Singh S, Ramakrishna S, Gupta MK (2017) Towards zero waste manufacturing: a multidisciplinary review. J Clean Prod 168:1230–1243. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Stolboushkin AY (2014) Wall ceramic materials matrix structures based on unsupiting low-plastic waste and natural raw materials. DSc Thesis, Novosibirsk State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (SIBSTRIN), Russian Federation (in Russian) Google Scholar
  26. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) (2018) Implementation of circular economies and industrial waste reuse and prevention solutions, Technical expert meetings on mitigation 1–2 May 2018 World Conference Center, Bonn, Germany. Accessed 20 Dec 2019
  27. Walmsley TG, Ong BH, Klemeš JJ, Tan RR, Varbanov PS (2019) Circular integration of processes, industries, and economies. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 107:507–515. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Wόzniak J, Pactwa K (2018) Overview of Polish mining wastes with circular economy model and its comparison with other wastes. Sustainability 10:1–15. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Yang YG, Xu JH, Cai B, Wang QC, Xiu DP, Zhao ZB (2013) Synthesis and applications of black ceramic from recycled industrial wastes. Adv Appl Ceram 82:146–148. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Zheksenbaeva ZT, Tungatarova SA, Baizhumanova TS, Shaizada E (2015) Development of technology for catalytic neutralization of toxic impurities of waste gas from industrial enterprises. Chem Eng Trans 45:1213–1218. CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Priority Department Centre «Veritas», D. Serikbayev EastKazakhstan State Technical UniversityUst-KamenogorskKazakhstan
  2. 2.Sustainable Process Integration Laboratory – SPIL, NETME Centre, Faculty of Mechanical EngineeringBrno University of Technology - VUT BrnoBrnoCzech Republic

Personalised recommendations