Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy

, Volume 21, Issue 10, pp 1979–1991 | Cite as

Environmental sustainability practices among palm oil millers

  • Halima Begum
  • A. S. A. Ferdous AlamEmail author
  • A. C. Er
  • Ahmad Bashawir Abdul Ghani
Original Paper


Considering the global palm oil production, it can be identified as the second largest vegetable oil. Palm oil is a natural resource that is favorable for the Malaysian climate. In 2017, Malaysia had a total of 454 palm oil mills with a production capacity of approximately 112 million tonnes of fresh fruit bunches. A sustainable environment denotes high income, value addition and zero waste. Nonetheless, palm oil mills are being associated with the discharge of untreated effluent water stream pollution, solid wastes, air pollution, etc. The important objective of this study is to measure the level of sustainable environmental practices parameters and awareness of millers. The primary data were collected through questionnaire survey and interviews from 71 millers in Malaysia. This study used confirmatory factor analysis to describe the relationships between the environmental parameters for measuring environment sustainability. This study found that most of the millers employ positive practices for environmental sustainability, and the highest environment parameter is disposal of solid wastes. However, this study can be implemented in Malaysian palm oil mills for identifying the lowest parameters. This study suggested to the industries that the new national sustainable policies for palm oil mills, especially for small and medium players, may enhance the environmental parameters.


Environmental sustainability Palm oil millers Fresh fruit bunch Sustainable production SEM Peninsular Malaysia 



Authors would like to acknowledge scholarship of Zamalah Research Skim, Research and Instrumentation Management Center (CRIM) and Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia. Authors also thank the anonymous reviewers for their careful and critical review as well as their many insightful comments and suggestions for countless improvement in this manuscript.


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© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Social Sciences and HumanitiesNational University of MalaysiaUKM BangiMalaysia
  2. 2.School of International StudiesUniversiti Utara MalaysiaUUM SintokMalaysia

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