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Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy

, Volume 21, Issue 1, pp 213–226 | Cite as

Environmental assessment of a combined heat and power plant configuration proposal with post-combustion CO2 capture for the Mexican oil and gas industry

  • M. A. Morales-MoraEmail author
  • C. F. Pretelìn-Vergara
  • S. A. Martínez-Delgadillo
  • C. Iuga
  • C. Nolasco-Hipolito
Original Paper
  • 114 Downloads

Abstract

Combined heat and power (CHP) plants retrofitted with post-combustion carbon capture (PCC) are discussed for the Mexican oil and gas industry using a life cycle assessment. This work investigates the energy efficiency improvements and potential environmental impacts generated by a 144-MW CHP plant coupled with PCC in a petrochemical complex. The project considers a change from the current steam-turbine generators (case 1), with an efficiency of 58%, to a gas turbine (case 2) coupled to a heat recovery steam generator to reach a combined efficiency of 87%. We also investigated the PCC of flue gas from the gas turbine in case 2 by chemical absorption using Aspen HYSYS (case 3). The results showed that case 2 leads to a reduction in all evaluated categories of environmental impact when compared to the base case (case 1). The average global warming potential (GWP) is 626 kgCO2eq/MWh for case 1 and 460 kgCO2e/MWh for case 2. In case 3, the GWP of 42 kg CO2e/MWh was estimated, 1075 t/day of CO2 can be captured with a recovery efficiency of approximately 95%, and an energy return of 85% can be obtained. This study provides a new approach for obtaining maximum energy flux with low-carbon emissions, constituting “clean energy” production.

Graphical abstract

Keywords

CO2 capture Gas turbine Life cycle assessment Process simulation Steam-turbine 

Abbreviations

CCU

CO2 capture utilization

CCS

CO2 capture storage

CHP

Combined heat and power

FEED

Front-end engineering design

FU

Functional unit

GT

Gas turbine

GHG

Greenhouse gases

GWP

Global warming potential

HRSG

Heat recovery steam generator

IEA

International Energy Agency

IPCC

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

INDCs

Intended nationally determined contributions

INECC

National Institute of Ecology and Climate Change

IPCC

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

ISO

International Organisation for Standardisation

LCA

Life cycle assessment

LCI

Life cycle inventory

LCIA

Life cycle impact assessment

MWh

Megawatts per hour

PEMEX

Petróleos Mexicanos

PCC

Post-combustion carbon capture

PS

Process simulations

SEMARNAT

Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources

ST

Steam turbines

US EPA

United States Environmental Protection Agency

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank the Life Cycle Assessment and Sustainable Design Centre (CADIS) for their support toward the development of this research.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dirección AcadémicaPueblaMexico
  2. 2.Facultad de Ingeniería QuímicaBenemérita Universidad Autónoma de PueblaPueblaMexico
  3. 3.Depto. Ciencias BásicasUniversidad Autónoma Metropolitana-AzcapotzalcoCiudad de MexicoMexico
  4. 4.Depto. Sistemas BiológicosUniversidad Autónoma Metropolitana-XochimilcoCiudad de MexicoMexico
  5. 5.Instituto de BiotecnologíaUniversidad del PapaloapanTuxtepecMexico

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