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Clinical application of QuantiFERON-TB Gold in-tube in the diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis

  • Guangming Chen
  • Huabin WangEmail author
  • Yanhong Wang
Review

Abstract

At present, although it has made great progress in the diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis, tuberculosis is still an important cause of morbidity and mortality. There were approximately 8.6 million new cases of tuberculosis in 2012, and approximately 1.3 million people died from tuberculosis. Early diagnosis and timely treatment are essential for controlling the spread of tuberculosis infection and reducing mortality. Conventional methods of Mycobacterium tuberculosis detection such as acid-fast staining microscopy and tuberculin skin test are widely used, but with low sensitivity or specificity. In recent years, a newly developed quantitative test, γ-interferon release test (IGRA), has been recognized and widely applied to the early diagnosis and monitoring of tuberculosis. QuantiFERON-TB Gold in-tube (QFT-GIT) is one of the mature IGRA methods. This paper summarizes the researches on QFT-GIT in recent years and introduces its principles, methodology, clinical application, and factors of uncertain results for the diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis.

Keywords

Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection QuantiFERON-TB Gold in-tube Clinical application False negative Uncertain results 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research received the grant from Science Technology Department of Zhejiang province, China (2017C33206).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declared that they have no conflicts of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of General PracticeJinhua Municipal Central HospitalJinhuaPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Central LaboratoryJinhua Municipal Central HospitalJinhuaPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Department of Laboratory MedicineWenzhou Medical UniversityWenzhouPeople’s Republic of China

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