Antibiotic resistance genes in the Actinobacteria phylum

  • Mehdi Fatahi-BafghiEmail author


The Actinobacteria phylum is one of the oldest bacterial phyla that have a significant role in medicine and biotechnology. There are a lot of genera in this phylum that are causing various types of infections in humans, animals, and plants. As well as antimicrobial agents that are used in medicine for infections treatment or prevention of infections, they have been discovered of various genera in this phylum. To date, resistance to antibiotics is rising in different regions of the world and this is a global health threat. The main purpose of this review is the molecular evolution of antibiotic resistance in the Actinobacteria phylum.


Actinobacteria Antibiotics Antibiotics resistance Antibiotic resistance genes Phylum 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The author declares that there is no conflict to interest.


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© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Microbiology, Faculty of MedicineShahid Sadoughi University of Medical SciencesYazdIran

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