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Zika virus in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia: are there health risks for travelers?

  • Thien Chu Dinh
  • Nguyen Duy Bac
  • Le Bui Minh
  • Vo Truong Nhu Ngoc
  • Van-Huy PhamEmail author
  • Hoang-Long Vo
  • Nguyen Le Bao Tien
  • Vo Van Thanh
  • Yang Tao
  • Pau Loke Show
  • Dinh-Toi ChuEmail author
Review

Abstract

Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia have reported first cases of Zika virus (ZIKV) infection since 2010 (Cambodia) and 2016 (Vietnam and Laos). One case of ZIKV-related microcephaly was recognized among a hundred infected cases in these areas, raising a great concern about the health risk related to this virus infection. At least 5 cases of ZIKV infection among travelers to Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia were recorded. It is noticeable that ZIKV in these areas can cause birth defects. This work aims to discuss the current epidemics of ZIKV in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia and update the infection risk of ZIKV for travelers to these areas.

Keywords

Zika virus infection Travelers Zika virus–infected travelers Vietnam Laos Cambodia 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We would like to thank MSc. Phuong Linh Nguyen (an English editor), Ms. Ngoc-Quynh Hoang (Jaxtina English Center, Hanoi, Vietnam), and Ms. Huong-Thi Nguyen (Hanoi Medical University) for critical reading and checking to improve the revised manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

Not necessary; this is a review.

Informed consent

Not necessary; this is a review.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Research and DevelopmentDuy Tan UniversityDanangVietnam
  2. 2.Vietnam Military Medical UniversityHanoiVietnam
  3. 3.NTT Hi-tech InstituteNguyen Tat Thanh UniversityHo Chi Minh CityVietnam
  4. 4.School of Odonto StomatologyHanoi Medical UniversityHanoiVietnam
  5. 5.AI Lab, Faculty of Information TechnologyTon Duc Thang UniversityHo Chi Minh CityVietnam
  6. 6.Institute for Preventive Medicine & Public HealthHanoi Medical UniversityHanoiVietnam
  7. 7.Institute of Orthopaedics and Trauma SurgeryViet Duc HospitalHanoiVietnam
  8. 8.College of Food Science and TechnologyNanjing Agricultural UniversityNanjing 8China
  9. 9.Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringUniversity of Nottingham Malaysia CampusSemenyihMalaysia
  10. 10.Faculty of BiologyHanoi National University of EducationHanoiVietnam

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