A short course of antibiotic treatment is safe after catheter withdrawal in catheter-related bloodstream infections due to coagulase-negative staphylococci
CoNS is the main cause of catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSI). Current guidelines recommend catheter withdrawal followed by antibiotics for at least 5 days. We aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of a shorter course of antibiotherapy in patients with CoNS CRBSI. All proven cases of CoNS CRBSI at our institution (Jan 12/Dec 17) were retrospectively analysed. Comparison of clinical characteristics and outcomes between patients receiving a short (SC ≤ 3 days) versus long antibiotic course (LC > 3 days) was performed. Cox regression models predicting the risk for complications (including propensity score [PS] for treatment assignment as covariate) were designed to adjust baseline differences among both treatment groups. A total of 79 cases were included. Most patients (75.9%) showed clinical response at day 7 after catheter removal. Complications occurred in 3.8% (three cases of septic thrombophlebitis) with no cases of endocarditis. Microbiological relapse (MR) occurred in 13 patients (16.5%). SC and LC were administered to 25 (31.6%) and 54 (68.4%) patients, respectively, with no significant differences in MR-free survival between SC and LC groups (87.8 vs 86.3%; P = 0.6). In PS-adjusted Cox regression analyses, a tunnelled catheter as the source of CRBSI was the only independent risk factor for MR (hazard ratio, 5.71; 95% confidence interval, 1.6–21) whereas the duration of therapy had no apparent impact. Shortening antibiotic therapy to ≤ 3 days is not associated with a poorer outcome or a greater risk of MR in patients with CoNS CRBI with catheter withdrawal.
KeywordsCoagulase-negative Staphylococcus Catheter-related bloodstream infection Short antibiotic course Outcome Relapse
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
The study was approved by the local ethics research committee.
In accordance with the local ethics research committee, informed consent was waived due to the retrospective nature of this study.
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