Journal of Wood Science

, Volume 64, Issue 5, pp 612–624 | Cite as

Estimation of failure lifetime in plywood-to-timber joints with nails and screws under cyclic loading

  • Ko Nagase
  • Kenji KobayashiEmail author
  • Motoi Yasumura
Original Article


The performance of plywood-sheathed shear walls is determined at the plywood-to-timber joints. In joints with dowel-type fasteners, such as nails and screws, the fastener is fractured under reversed cyclic loading (e.g., seismic force), reducing the ductility of the joint. The fracture is caused by low-cycle fatigue due to the reversed cyclic bending of the fastener. Therefore, evaluating the fatigue life is important for estimating the ultimate displacement. The main objective of this study is to estimate the ultimate displacement of the joints and to enable load–displacement calculation of single shear joints under reversed cyclic displacement when bending fatigue failure of the fastener occurs. Single shear tests were conducted under different loading protocols, and the damage performances of the fasteners were determined by subjecting them to reversed cyclic bending tests. Based on the results, the failure lifetimes of joints with dowel-type fasteners were estimated. In addition, the fracture mechanism of these dowel-type fasteners was elucidated. CN50-type nails and wood screws with dimensions of 4.1 × 38 and 4.5 × 50 mm were used as fasteners. The single shear tests showed that the smaller the displacements per cycle, the lower are the ultimate displacement and ductilities of the joints. Moreover, load–displacement relationship up to fastener failure can be approximately estimated by combining the yield model and failure lifetime.


Dowel-type fasteners Cyclic loading Low-cycle fatigue failure Joints 



This work was supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grant number 15K18721.


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Copyright information

© The Japan Wood Research Society 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.United Graduate School of Agricultural ScienceGifu UniversitySuruga-kuJapan
  2. 2.College of Agriculture, Academic InstituteShizuoka UniversitySuruga-kuJapan

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