Journal of Wood Science

, Volume 64, Issue 4, pp 398–405 | Cite as

Effect of alkali treatment on wettability and thermal stability of individual bamboo fibers

  • Hong Chen
  • Wenfu Zhang
  • Xuehua Wang
  • Hankun Wang
  • Yan Wu
  • Tuhua ZhongEmail author
  • Benhua FeiEmail author
Original Article


The aim of this study is to examine the wettability and thermal properties of individual bamboo fibers after alkali treatment. The individual bamboo fibers were treated by sodium hydroxide (NaOH) solution with varying concentrations (6, 8, 10, 15 and 25%) followed by freeze-drying treatment. The surface analysis of alkali-treated individual bamboo fibers was characterized by atomic force microscope. Water droplet on the individual fiber surface was observed with drop shaper analyzer and the contact angles on fiber surface were also measured. Thermal properties were further studied by thermogravimetric analysis. The results indicated that alkali treatment resulted in the increase in surface roughness of individual bamboo fibers. Alkali treatment with low NaOH concentration could enhance the wettability of treated individual bamboo fibers, and while the wettability was reduced with alkali treatment at high concentration (25%). Thermal analysis revealed that the onset of decomposition and the maximum decomposition were moved to higher temperature after alkali treatment at low NaOH concentrations (6, 8, and 10%), suggesting the improvement in the thermal stability of treated individual bamboo fibers, while the thermal stability was compromised after alkali treatment at higher concentrations (15 and 25%).


Bamboo fiber Alkali treatment Surface analysis Wettability Thermal stability 



We would like to appreciate the Basic Scientific Research Funds of International Center for Bamboo and Rattan (1632016007), and National Natural Science Foundation of China (31500474, 31370563).

Supplementary material

10086_2018_1713_MOESM1_ESM.docx (1013 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 1013 KB)


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Copyright information

© The Japan Wood Research Society 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Furnishings and Industrial Design, Nanjing Forestry UniversityNanjingChina
  2. 2.Zhejiang Forestry AcademyHangzhouChina
  3. 3.International Center for Bamboo and RattanBeijingChina
  4. 4.Composite Materials and Engineering CenterWashington State UniversityPullmanUSA

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