Relation between lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 mass and incident ischemic stroke severity
Manifestations of ischemic stroke vary widely, and serum biomarkers may be useful for stratification of risk of severe stroke. This study evaluated the association of lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) mass and initial severity.
We employed a retrospective analysis on our hospital-based registry and recruited 488 first-onset ischemic stroke patients admitted within 24 h after onset and with Lp-PLA2 mass measured. Stroke severities evaluated by National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) were compared between Lp-PLA2 categories dichotomized by median. Multivariate logistic regression was used to detect the independent risk factors of severe stroke (NIHSS ≥ 7) and receiver operator curve (ROC) was constructed to detect the value of addition of Lp-PLA2 to the model of other risk factors for predicting severe stroke.
Of the overall patients, the median admission NIHSS scores was 3 and 28.1% had severe manifestation. Admission NIHSS scores were different between patients of Lp-PLA2 above and under the median (median NIHSS 4 vs. 3, P < 0.001). Lp-PLA2 levels was correlated with admission NIHSS (r = 0.268, P < 0.001). Logistic regression showed Lp-PLA2 category (OR 2.37, 95%CI 1.44–3.90, P < 0.001) and levels per 100 ng/ml (OR 1.69, 95%CI 1.35–2.11, P < 0.001) were both independently associated with severe stroke. Addition of Lp-PLA2 category and levels to other independent risk factors both increased the area under curves (from 0.676 to 0.718 with category and 0.734 with levels).
Lp-PLA2 was independently related to admission severity in ischemic stroke patients, implying a potential predictive value of Lp-PLA2 for severe stroke in prevention.
KeywordsLipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 Ischemic stroke Stroke severity
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