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Versatile biotechnological applications of amylosucrase, a novel glucosyltransferase

  • Dong-Ho Seo
  • Sang-Ho Yoo
  • Seung-Jun Choi
  • Young-Rok Kim
  • Cheon-Seok ParkEmail author
Article
  • 23 Downloads

Abstract

Amylosucrase (AS; EC 2.4.1.4) is an enzyme that has great potential in the biotechnology and food industries, due to its multifunctional enzyme activities. It can synthesize α-1,4-glucans, like amylose, from sucrose as a sole substrate, but importantly, it can also utilize various other molecules as acceptors. In addition, AS produces sucrose isomers such as turanose and trehalulose. It also efficiently synthesizes modified starch with increased ratios of slow digestive starch and resistant starch, and glucosylated functional compounds with increased water solubility and stability. Furthermore, AS produces turnaose more efficiently than other carbohydrate-active enzymes. Amylose synthesized by AS forms microparticles and these can be utilized as biocompatible materials with various bio-applications, including drug delivery, chromatography, and bioanalytical sciences. This review not only compares the gene and enzyme characteristics of microbial AS, studied to date, but also focuses on the applications of AS in the biotechnology and food industries.

Keywords

Amylosucrase Transglycosylation Enzymatically modified starch Turanose Amylose 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) Grant (No. 2018R1C1B6001459) funded by the Korea government (MSIT).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© The Korean Society of Food Science and Technology 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Food Science and Technology, College of Agriculture and Life SciencesJeonbuk National UniversityJeonjuRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, and Carbohydrate Bioproduct Research CenterSejong UniversitySeoulRepublic of Korea
  3. 3.Department of Food Science and TechnologySeoul National University of Science and TechnologySeoulRepublic of Korea
  4. 4.Graduate School of Biotechnology and Institute of Life Science and ResourcesKyung Hee UniversityYonginRepublic of Korea

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