Comparison of volatile components in fresh and dried Zanthoxylum bungeanum Maxim
Fresh and dried Zanthoxylum bungeanum Maxim volatiles of two main cultivars including Dahongpao and Meihuajiao, were determined through GC–MS and compared. In all the tested samples, linalool, d-limonene, eucalyptol, 3-nonanone, and β-myrcene were identified as the five predominant components. The percentages of these components in fresh Dahongpao were 23.89%, 21.04%, 7.46%, 5.63% and 5.87%, respectively. Similar percentages, 27.28%, 17.62%, 6.39%, 1.66% and 7.8%, were found in dried Dahongpao. In general, the contents of linalool and β-myrcene in dried Dahongpao and Meihuajiao were slightly higher than those in fresh samples, whereas the contents of d-limonene, eucalyptol, and 3-nonanone were lower. Partial least squares discriminant analysis results showed that the two cultivars could be clearly differentiated based on volatiles, whereas, the fresh and dried Zanthoxylum bungeanum Maxim samples could not. This demonstrated that the drying process had no significant effect on the volatiles.
KeywordsZanthoxylum bungeanum Maxim Volatiles Gas chromatography–mass spectrometry Partial least squares discriminant analysis
This work was supported by Scientific Research Projects of Chongqing University of Arts and Sciences (2017RTZ20, P2017TZ14) and Scientific and Technological Projects of Longnan, Gansu (04).
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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