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Comparison of volatile components in fresh and dried Zanthoxylum bungeanum Maxim

  • Wenlin Zhang
  • Si Tan
  • Wanpeng Xi
  • Jianlei Yang
  • Qinhong Liao
  • Jianbin Lan
  • Yukui Lv
  • Jianmin TangEmail author
Article

Abstract

Fresh and dried Zanthoxylum bungeanum Maxim volatiles of two main cultivars including Dahongpao and Meihuajiao, were determined through GC–MS and compared. In all the tested samples, linalool, d-limonene, eucalyptol, 3-nonanone, and β-myrcene were identified as the five predominant components. The percentages of these components in fresh Dahongpao were 23.89%, 21.04%, 7.46%, 5.63% and 5.87%, respectively. Similar percentages, 27.28%, 17.62%, 6.39%, 1.66% and 7.8%, were found in dried Dahongpao. In general, the contents of linalool and β-myrcene in dried Dahongpao and Meihuajiao were slightly higher than those in fresh samples, whereas the contents of d-limonene, eucalyptol, and 3-nonanone were lower. Partial least squares discriminant analysis results showed that the two cultivars could be clearly differentiated based on volatiles, whereas, the fresh and dried Zanthoxylum bungeanum Maxim samples could not. This demonstrated that the drying process had no significant effect on the volatiles.

Keywords

Zanthoxylum bungeanum Maxim Volatiles Gas chromatography–mass spectrometry Partial least squares discriminant analysis 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by Scientific Research Projects of Chongqing University of Arts and Sciences (2017RTZ20, P2017TZ14) and Scientific and Technological Projects of Longnan, Gansu ([2016]04).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© The Korean Society of Food Science and Technology 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wenlin Zhang
    • 1
  • Si Tan
    • 2
  • Wanpeng Xi
    • 3
  • Jianlei Yang
    • 4
  • Qinhong Liao
    • 1
  • Jianbin Lan
    • 1
  • Yukui Lv
    • 5
  • Jianmin Tang
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Chongqing Key Laboratory of Economic Plant Biotechnology, Collaborative Innovation Center of Special Plant Industry in Chongqing, Chongqing Engineering Research Center for Special Plant Seedling, Institute of Special PlantsChongqing University of Arts and SciencesYongchuanChina
  2. 2.School of Life Science and BiotechnologyYangtze Normal UniversityFulingChina
  3. 3.College of Horticulture and Landscape ArchitectureSouthwest UniversityChongqingChina
  4. 4.Longnan Red Pepper Institute of Economic Forest AcademyWuduChina
  5. 5.Chongqing Rongchang District Extension Station of Forestry Science and TechnologyRongchangChina

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