Application of indigenous Saccharomyces cerevisiae to improve the black raspberry (Rubus coreanus Miquel) vinegar fermentation process and its microbiological and physicochemical analysis
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In order to improve the slow ethanol fermentation during acetic acid fermentation process of black raspberry vinegar (BRV), the microbiological and physicochemical aspects of the effects of indigenous Saccharomyces cerevisiae JBCC-21A were examined. The selected S. cerevisiae JBCC-21A showed better growth and ethanol production rates than the commercial yeast strains. The ethanol production rate was 3-times faster than the traditional method. Acetic acid fermentation by S. cerevisiae JBCC-21A began 10 days earlier than the traditional method and reached up to 60 g/L acetic acid. Bacterial counts revealed Acetobacter pasteurianus was the only dominant species throughout the inoculated acetic acid fermentation. The physicochemical and functional properties of the fermented vinegar using indigenous S. cerevisiae JBCC-21A maintained a high quality similar to the traditional method, while being the faster fermentation process. Thus, it is suggested that inoculation of the indigenous S. cerevisiae strain in order to shorten the fermentation time without affecting the quality of traditional BRV.
KeywordsBlack raspberry vinegar Indigenous yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae Ethanol fermentation Acetic acid fermentation
This research was supported by “Research Base Construction Fund Support Program” funded by Chonbuk National University in 2017 and the Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy (MOTIE), Korea Institute for Advancement of Technology (KIAT) and Establishment of Infrastructure for Industrialization of Korean Useful Microbes (R0004073).
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