Food Science and Biotechnology

, Volume 27, Issue 2, pp 375–382 | Cite as

Ultrasound-assisted extraction and antioxidant activity of phenolic and flavonoid compounds and ascorbic acid from rugosa rose (Rosa rugosa Thunb.) fruit

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Abstract

The present study aimed to extract total phenolic compounds (TPC), total flavonoid compounds (TFC), and ascorbic acid (AA) from the fruit of rugosa rose (Rosa rugosa Thunb.) by ultrasound-assisted extraction (UAE), and to evaluate their antioxidant activities. UAE significantly increased the extract yield compared with that obtained using the conventional method. TPC, TFC, and AA were extracted, depending on the extraction conditions (temperature, time, and ethanol concentration), in the range of 50.73–96.69, 15.93–31.88, and 3.06–6.08 mg/g, respectively. TPC and TFC were effectively extracted at a relatively high temperature (50 °C) than AA was (30 °C). The solvent condition used to extract TPC, TFC, and AA was 50% ethanol. The UAE condition for the highest antioxidant activity was obtained 30 °C, 30 min, and 50% ethanol, which were the same condition for the highest AA extraction. Among the extracts, AA showed a strong correlation with antioxidant activity at p-value of 0.001.

Keywords

Rugosa rose (Rosa rugosa Thunb.) Ultrasound-assisted extraction Antioxidant Total phenolic compounds Total flavonoid compounds Ascorbic acid 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was supported by Priority Research Centers Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (2010-0020141).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© The Korean Society of Food Science and Technology and Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Forest Products and Technology, College of Agriculture and Life SciencesChonnam National UniversityGwangjuRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Department of Horticulture, College of Agriculture and Life SciencesChonnam National UniversityGwangjuRepublic of Korea

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