Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment

, Volume 78, Issue 7, pp 5219–5235 | Cite as

Negative externalities of high-intensity mining and disaster prevention technology in China

  • Erhu BaiEmail author
  • Wenbing Guo
  • Yi Tan
Original Paper


Due to the continuous development of underground mining methods, technical equipment, the Internet and intelligent technology, a new energy revolution will be of great significance in years to come. Meanwhile, the high-intensity mining (HIM) of thick coal seams has become an important development direction of China’s underground coal mining technology. By summarizing the current situation and analyzing the characteristics of underground HIM using the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) method in thick coal seams in China, negative externalities are proposed, which are mainly reflected in the three aspects of overlying strata, ground surface, and ecological environment under the premise of standard operating procedures and underground mining safety. Considering the negative externalities of overlying strata and surface damage in HIM, geological disasters under HIM are divided into mine production disasters and ecological environment disasters, which have cluster, suddenness, and chain characteristics. Based on the types and characteristics of geological disasters caused by HIM, coal mining technology for preventing major geological hazards and environmental damage has been formed, providing a theoretical guidance and technical support for the development goals of HIM and environmental protection in China.


High-intensity mining Negative externality Prevention technology Surface subsidence Overlying strata movement Environmental protection 



The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support for this work provided by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (grant no. 51374092, 51774111), the Key Project of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (grant no. U1261206), and the Innovation and Outstanding Talent Project of Henan Province Science and Technology (grant no. 184200510003). The authors are also grateful to the reviewers for their helpful comments and constructive suggestions in improving this paper.

Author contributions

Erhu Bai and Wenbing Guo conceived and designed the layout; Erhu Bai analyzed the data; Yi Tan established the observation station and monitored the subsidence; Erhu Bai and Wenbing Guo wrote the paper. Erhu Bai and Mingjie Guo revised the paper.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflicts of interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Energy Science and EngineeringHenan Polytechnic UniversityJiaozuoPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Synergism Innovative Centre of Coal Safety Production in Henan ProvinceJiaozuoPeople’s Republic of China

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