Advertisement

Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment

, Volume 78, Issue 7, pp 4659–4672 | Cite as

Geomorphological process development under the impact of man-made reservoir operation, a case study: Bratsk reservoir, Baikal-Angara hydroengineering system, Russia

  • Oksana Mazaeva
  • Viktoria BabichevaEmail author
  • Elena Kozyreva
Original Paper
  • 117 Downloads

Abstract

The Bratsk reservoir is one of the constituents of the Baikal-Angara hydroengineering system. Large hydropower reservoirs created worldwide produce anthropogenic pressure that provokes substantial changes in the environment and land use practice, as well as different natural hazards, such as induced seismicity, activation of landslides, karst, and shore and bluff erosion processes. Creation of the Bratsk reservoir was followed by a burst activation of shore erosion, karst, aeolian processes, gully, and landslide formation. We monitored the short- and medium-term dynamics of process development in the context of reservoir water level change, which involved the comparative analysis of large-scale aerial photos and field measurements at four key sites. A complex (interaction) of processes can be observed in the shore zone. Based on the monitoring data, models of the geomorphological process evolution in the next years are presented. By investigations, we identified the mechanisms of karst-erosional, aeolian-erosional, and shore- and gully-erosional processes. The case study has shown that the response of dynamics of the processes, their interaction, and environment change are characterized by a certain cyclicity corresponding to water level fluctuations.

Keywords

Bank gully Shore erosion Karst Landslide Aeolian processes Reservoir water level change 

References

  1. Bazhenova OI, Lyubtsova EM, Ryzhov YV, Makarov SA (1997) Spatio-temporal analysis of the dynamics of erosion processes in the south of Eastern Siberia. Nauka, Novosibirsk (in Russian)Google Scholar
  2. Belyh FI, Znamensky VA (1978) Bratsk man-made reservoir. Hydrometeorological regime of lakes and reservoirs in the USSR. Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad (in Russian)Google Scholar
  3. Collins BD, Sitar N (2008) Processes of coastal bluff erosion in weakly lithified sands, Pacifica, California, USA. Geomorphology 97:483–501.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2007.09.004 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Emery KO, Kuhn GG (1982) Sea cliffs: their processes, profiles, and classification. GSA Bull 93:644–654.  https://doi.org/10.1130/0016-7606(1982)93<644:SCTPPA>2.0.CO;2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Filippov VM (1988) The dynamics of karst processes in the influence zone of Angara reservoirs. Dissertation, Leningrad Mining Institute (in Russian)Google Scholar
  6. Gahalaut K, Gahalaut VK, Pandey MR (2007) A new case of reservoir triggered seismicity: Govind Ballav Pant reservoir (Rihand dam), Central India. Tectonophysics 439:171–178.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tecto.2007.04.003 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Gutiérrez F, Parise M, De Waele J, Jourde H (2014) A review on natural and human-induced geohazards and impacts in karst. Earth Sci Rev 138:61–88.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.earscirev.2014.08.002 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Guzzetti F, Cardinali M, Reichenbach P, Cipolla F, Sebastiani C, Galli M, Salvati P (2004) Landslides triggered by the 23 November 2000 rainfall event in the Imperia Province, Western Liguria, Italy. Eng Geol 73:229–245.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enggeo.2004.01.006 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Jia GW, Zhan TLT, Chen YM, Fredlund DG (2009) Performance of a large-scale slope model subjected to rising and lowering water levels. Eng Geol 106:92–103.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enggeo.2009.03.003 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Jian W, Wang Z, Yin K (2009) Mechanism of the Anlesi landslide in the Three Gorges Reservoir, China. Eng Geol 108:86–95.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enggeo.2009.06.017 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Kaczmarek H, Mazaeva OA, Kozyreva EA, Babicheva VA, Tyszkowski S, Rybchenko AA, Brykała D, Bartczak A, Słowiński M (2016) Impact of large water level fluctuations on geomorphological processes and their interactions in the shore zone of a dam reservoir. J Great Lakes Res 42:926–941.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jglr.2016.07.024 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Khak VA, Kozyreva EA (2012) Changes of geological environment due to the anthropogenic impacts: a case study of south of East Siberia, Russia. Z Geomorphol 56:183–199.  https://doi.org/10.1127/0372-8854/2011/0064 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Khak VA, Mazaeva OA, Kozyreva EA (2009) Application of digital relief models in monitoring of exogenic geological processes. Sergeev’s Readings, Materials of Annual Session of RAN Scientific Council on Problems of Geoecology, Engineering Geology, and Hydrogeology 11:140–145 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  14. Kozyreva EA, Trzhtsinsky YB, Mazaeva OA (2008) Karst-landslide and karst-erosion processes in local geosystems of Bratsk reservoir coast. Geomorfologiya 1:36–42 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  15. Kozyreva E, Mazaeva O, Rzetala MA, Jagus A, Rzetala M (2012) Karst and its occurrence on the shores of Bratsk reservoir. In: Proceedings of the 12th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference (SGEM 2012), Albena, Bulgaria, June 2012, vol 2, pp 175–183Google Scholar
  16. Kuskovsky VS, Ovchinnikov GI, Pavlov SK, Trzhtsinsky YB, Orekhova ES, Kozyreva EA (2000) The ecological changes in the geological environment under the influence of large reservoirs of Siberia. Sibirskiy Ekologicheskiy Jurnal 2:135–138 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  17. Leshchikov FN, Shats MM (1983) Permafrost occurrence in the south of Central Siberia. Nauka, Novosibirsk (in Russian)Google Scholar
  18. Leyland J, Darby SE (2008) An empirical–conceptual gully evolution model for channelled sea cliffs. Geomorphology 102:419–434.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2008.04.017 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Leyland J, Darby SE (2009) Effects of Holocene climate and sea-level changes on coastal gully evolution: insights from numerical modelling. Earth Surf Process Landf 34:1878–1893.  https://doi.org/10.1002/esp.1872 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Li D, Yin K, Leo C (2010) Analysis of Baishuihe landslide influenced by the effects of reservoir water and rainfall. Environ Earth Sci 60:677–687.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-009-0206-2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Li C, Ma T, Zhu X, Li W (2011) The power-law relationship between landslide occurrence and rainfall level. Geomorphology 130:221–229.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2011.03.018 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Litvin VM (1989) The regional engineering-geological evaluation of exogenic geological processes in the south of East Siberia. Dissertation, Institute of the Earth’s Crust, Irkutsk (in Russian)Google Scholar
  23. Litvin VM, Pavlov SK, Trzhtsinsky YB (1996) The karst areas of forest-steppe regions of Priangaria. In: Pulina M, Trzhtsinsky Yu B (eds) The itinerary of karst regions of East Siberia and Urals. Silesian University, Sosnowiec, pp 11–24Google Scholar
  24. Macfarlane DF (2009) Observations and predictions of the behaviour of large, slow-moving landslides in schist, Clyde Dam reservoir, New Zealand. Eng Geol 109:5–15.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enggeo.2009.02.005 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Mazaeva O, Kaczmarek H, Khak VA, Kozyreva EA (2011) The short-term changes of gully erosion forms in the context of the water level fluctuations in the Bratsk reservoir (Russia). Landf Anal 17:117–123Google Scholar
  26. Mazaeva O, Khak V, Kozyreva E (2013) Model of erosion–landslide interaction in the context of the reservoir water level variations (East Siberia, Russia): factors, environment and mechanisms. J Earth Syst Sci 122:1515–1531.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12040-013-0363-2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Mazaeva O, Pelinen V, Janicki G (2014a) Development of bank gullies on the shore zone of the Bratsk reservoir (Russia). Annales UMCS, Geographia, Geologia, Mineralogia et Petrographia 69:117–133.  https://doi.org/10.2478/v10066-012-0042-3 Google Scholar
  28. Mazaeva OA, Khak VA, Kozyreva EA (2014b) Monitoring of local coastal geosystems of the Bratsk reservoir. Geomorfologiya 1:75–80 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  29. Milanović P (2011) Dams and reservoirs in karst. In: van Beynen PE (ed) Karst management. Springer, Berlin, pp 47–73CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Odintsov MM (ed) (1963) Bratsk man-made reservoir. Engineering geology of the territory. USSR Academy of Sciences, Moscow (in Russian)Google Scholar
  31. Ovchinnikov GI (2003) Dynamics of a shore zone of the Angarsk reservoirs. Dissertation, Institute of Geography, Irkutsk (in Russian)Google Scholar
  32. Ovchinnikov GI, SKH P, Trzhtsinsky Yu B (1999) Change of the geological environment in the Angaro-Yenisei reservoir-affected areas. Nauka, Novosibirsk (in Russian)Google Scholar
  33. Palshin GB (1963) Engineering-geological properties of rocks. In: Odintsov MM (ed) Bratsk man-made reservoir. Engineering geology of the territory. USSR Academy of Sciences, Moscow, pp 95–105 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  34. Pecherkin IA (1969) Geodynamics of the shore areas of the Kama reservoirs. Part 2. Geological processes. Perm University, Perm (in Russian)Google Scholar
  35. Pinyol NM, Alonso EE, Corominas J, Moya J (2012) Canelles landslide: modelling rapid drawdown and fast potential sliding. Landslides 9:33–51.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10346-011-0264-x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Popov IV (1951) Engineering geology. Geolizdat, Moscow (in Russian)Google Scholar
  37. Qi S, Yan F, Wang S, Xu R (2006) Characteristics, mechanism and development tendency of deformation of Maoping landslide after commission of Geheyan reservoir on the Qingjiang River, Hubei Province, China. Eng Geol 86:37–51.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enggeo.2006.04.004 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Ruiz M, Gaspà O, Gallart J, Díaz J, Pulgar JA, García-Sansegundo J, López-Fernández C, González-Cortina JM (2006) Aftershocks series monitoring of the September 18, 2004 M = 4.6 earthquake at the western Pyrenees: a case of reservoir-triggered seismicity? Tectonophysics 424:223–243.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tecto.2006.03.037 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Saito H, Nakayama D, Matsuyama H (2010) Relationship between the initiation of a shallow landslide and rainfall intensity–duration thresholds in Japan. Geomorphology 118:167–175.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2009.12.016 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Trzhtsinskii YB (1978) Landslides along the Angara reservoirs. Bull Int Assoc Eng Geol 17:42–43.  https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02634674 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Trzhtsinskii YB, Budz MD, Zarubin NE (1969) Landslides, mudflows, thermokarst in Eastern Siberia and their engineering-geological significance. Nauka, Moscow (in Russian)Google Scholar
  42. Trzhtsinsky YB, Pavlov SK, Kozyreva EA (2003) Landslide processes in the karsted rock areas of Upper Priangaria. Geogr Nat Resour 1:87–93 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  43. Vilmundardóttir OK, Magnússon B, Gísladóttir G, Thorsteinsson T (2010) Shoreline erosion and aeolian deposition along a recently formed hydro-electric reservoir, Blöndulón, Iceland. Geomorphology 114:542–555.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2009.08.012 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Wang F, Zhang Y, Huo Z, Peng X, Wang S, Yamasaki S (2008) Mechanism for the rapid motion of the Qianjiangping landslide during reactivation by the first impoundment of the Three Gorges Dam reservoir, China. Landslides 5:379–386.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10346-008-0130-7 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Xia M, Ren GM, Ma XL (2013) Deformation and mechanism of landslide influenced by the effects of reservoir water and rainfall, Three Gorges, China. Nat Hazards 68:467–482.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11069-013-0634-x CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Engineering Geology and Geoecology, Institute of the Earth’s CrustRussian Academy of Sciences, Siberian BranchIrkutskRussia

Personalised recommendations