Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment

, Volume 78, Issue 7, pp 4731–4742 | Cite as

Process analysis of the Moxi earthquake-induced Lantianwan landslide in the Dadu River, China

  • Yunsheng Wang
  • L. Z. WuEmail author
  • Jin Gu
Original Paper


Many large-scale landslides have occurred along the Dadu River, in particular in the middle section of the river, located on the eastern edge of the Qinghai–Tibet Plateau. The large-scale Lantianwan landslide was triggered by the 1786 Moxi earthquake (Ms = 7.75) at Luding, Sichuan province, China. Field investigations and 3D discrete element methods were used to examine the landslide formation mechanism and simulate landslide movement. The evolution of the landslide can be divided into four stages: initiation, high-speed motion, debris flow, and accumulation and river blocking. The results indicate that tension cracking and horizontal sliding were the geological origins of the Lantianwan landslide. The Moxi earthquake combined with the magnifying effect of the topography and the back slope formed deep-dip tensile structural planes in the Lantianwan slope, which triggered the landslide.


Dadu River Lantianwan landslide Earthquake-induced landslide 3D discrete element modeling Formation mechanism 



We thank the Creative Research Groups of China (no. 41521002) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (nos. 41877235 and 41672282). The second author thanks the Innovative Team of the Chengdu University of Technology.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Geohazard Prevention and Geoenvironment ProtectionChengdu University of TechnologyChengduPeople’s Republic of China

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