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Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment

, Volume 78, Issue 7, pp 4919–4930 | Cite as

Investigation into the triggering mechanism of loess landslides in the south Jingyang platform, Shaanxi province

  • Zhao Duan
  • Wen-Chieh ChengEmail author
  • Jiang-Bing Peng
  • Qi-Yao Wang
  • Wei Chen
Original Paper

Abstract

Loess landslide incidents have resulted in significant economic losses and human casualties in Northwest China. To investigate the triggering mechanism of such loess landslides in the south Jingyang platform, Shaanxi province, an area which is subject to loess landslides, we performed a series of field measurements for loess landslide LD37 and also undertook laboratory. Comparisons between the field measurements of LD37 and the results of the constant shear drained (CSD) triaxial test indicate that the seepage from irrigation-water infiltration triggered the loess landslides in the study area where the initiation of the local sliding surfaces was linked to gentle stratum erosion and their subsequent development was because of excessive stratum erosion. The development of slow–rapid strain cycles in the εp′ plot from the CSD triaxial test results indicates that loess landslides are a feature of progressive failure of the loess slope. Preventive measures to reduce irrigation-water infiltration into loess slopes should be taken to prevent similar incidents from recurring in the future.

Keywords

Loess landslide Jingyang platform Agricultural irrigation Stratum erosion 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study would not have been possible without financial supports from the Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant Nos. 41702298, 41790442 and 41877289 and from the Natural Science Basic Research Plan in Shaanxi Province of China under Grant No. 2017JQ4020, and Open Fund of Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Depositional Mineralization & Sedimentary Minerals under Grant Nos. DMSM2017029. The authors would like to express their sincere gratitude for the technical support provided by Professor Fu-Chu Dai and Dr. Zhi-Qiang Zhao at Beijing University of Technology.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Geology and EnvironmentXi’an University of Science and TechnologyXi’anChina
  2. 2.Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Depositional Mineralization & Sedimentary MineralsShandong University of Science and TechnologyQingdaoChina
  3. 3.Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Geotechnical and Underground Space Engineering, School of Civil EngineeringXi’an University of Architecture and TechnologyXi’anChina
  4. 4.School of Geology Engineering and GeomaticsChang’an UniversityXi’anChina
  5. 5.Key Laboratory of Western Mineral Resources and Geological Engineering of Ministry of EducationChang’an UniversityXi’anChina
  6. 6.School of Civil EngineeringChang’an UniversityXi’anChina

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