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Identification and characterization of novel mutations in MOGS in a Chinese patient with infantile spams

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Abstract

Congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDGs) are a genetically heterogeneous group of disorders caused by the defects in the synthesis and processing of glycoproteins. CDG is caused by mannosyl-oligosaccharide glucosidase (MOGS) deficiency, and is an extremely rare type, and only six patients have been reported. Here, we report a patient from China with facial dysmorphism, infantile spams, developmental delay, low vison, and abnormal liver function and low immunoglobulin. Brain MRI showed hypoplasia of the corpus callosum and slightly wide sulci at bilateral frontal parietal lobes. Compound heterozygous mutations of (c.1694G>A: R565Q and c.1619G>A: R540H) in exon 4 of MOGS gene (NM_006302.2) were identified by whole exome sequencing. Further investigation showed that the gene expression of MOGS in patients’ peripheral blood was decreased. We observed that two mutations were associated with lower protein expression of MOGS, cell growth, and cell cycle in transiently transfected Hela cells. We also noticed that cell cycle–related proteins, β-catenin, cyclin D1, and C-myc, were decreased in mutant cells. In conclusion, our study suggested whole exome sequencing, and genes associated with CDGs should be analyzed in patients with infantile spams and multiple system involvement, and mutant MOGS–impaired cell cycle progression. Our work broadens the mutation spectrum of MOGS gene.

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Correspondence to Jianbo Shao or Xuelian He.

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Peiwei Zhao, Peng, X., Luo, S. et al. Identification and characterization of novel mutations in MOGS in a Chinese patient with infantile spams. Neurogenetics (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10048-019-00590-5

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Keywords

  • Congenital disorders of glycosylation
  • Whole exome sequencing
  • MOGS
  • Mutation