Recurrent short-to-shield phenomenon requiring LVAD exchange: a rare complication
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Left ventricular assist device (LVAD) therapy is a common alternative approach for a patient with end-stage heart failure with HeartMate II (HM II) being one of the most common LVAD implants. The short-to-shield (STS) phenomenon is an uncommon drive-line (DL) dysfunction resulted from broken insulator causing an underlying wire to contact a metallic shield in a DL. This leads to a short circuit and a pump stoppage. We reported a case of 66-year-old man status post-implantation of HM II who presented with STS phenomenon. A tear at the distal end of the DL was found, and the patient underwent replacement of the extracorporeal part of DL twice. After the second repair, the pump functioned normally when tested in the hospital but the STS occurred again at home. The patient then underwent LVAD replacement surgery and insulation breach was found at one of the wires in intracorporeal part of the DL. After the surgery, the patient sustained recurrent episodes of STS and had to undergo a third extracorporeal DL repair surgery. Analysis of the removed DL confirmed an insulation breach. The STS has been resolved since then. Our case is unique as it is very rare to sustain another episode of STS shortly after a pump exchange. It also shows that the occurrence of STS can be intermittent and the area of insulation breach can be different from the area of the visualized tear. As a result, closed monitoring after DL repair must be strictly implemented.
KeywordsLeft ventricular assist device LVAD Short to shield
We acknowledge Abbott Mechanical Circulatory Support technical service engineers for the log file analysis, driveline repairs, returned driveline analysis, and technical education.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
Connie Zurbuch is a mechanical circulatory support consultant of Abbott. The rest of the authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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