Re-do mitral valve replacement for a bioprosthetic valve with central transvalvular leakage in a patient with ischemic cardiomyopathy: a case report
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Transvalvular leakage (TVL) of a prosthetic heart valve is not negligible regurgitant flow in patients with critically low contractile function. Although the opening function of prosthetic valves has been reported, its closing function is not well understood. A man in his 70 s had a history of mitral valve replacement (MVR) with a Magna Mitral® valve for ischemic mitral valve regurgitation. He presented with dyspnea 2 years postoperatively. Echocardiography showed moderate TVL. The pulmonary capillary wedge pressure and cardiac index were 37 mmHg and 1.65 L/min/m2, respectively. Because we considered his TVL relevant, we performed re-do MVR with a mechanical valve and papillary muscle approximation and suspension (“papillary muscle tugging approximation”). His cardiac function improved postoperatively; he was discharged with New York Heart Association class I. For MVR in patients with critically low contractile function, prosthetic valves, such as mechanical valves, with small TVL are recommended.
KeywordsBioprosthetic valve Mechanical valve Transvalvular leakage
We would like to thank Editage (http://www.editage.jp) for English language editing.
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Conflict of interest
The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.
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