Optical coupling characteristics of graded-index type photonic crystal fiber collimator depending on air hole diameter ratio to pitch
- 27 Downloads
A graded-index type photonic crystal fiber (GI-PCF) has a graded effective index distribution that can be realized by an α-power air hole diameter distribution in radial direction. Since a beam diameter varies periodically along the propagation direction in the GI-PCF with Gaussian beam excitation, an appropriate length of GI-PCF should be spliced to a single-mode PCF for collimator application. It is desired that GI-PCF structures to obtain high optical coupling efficiency and good tolerance for fiber length error are designed. In this paper, we theoretically studied coupling characteristics of GI-PCF collimator for conventional single-mode PCF depending on air hole diameter ratio to pitch, where the GI-PCF had parabolic air hole diameter distribution in radial direction, and had the air hole pitch that was equal to that in the conventional single-mode PCF. It was found that the optical coupling efficiency could be higher for larger air hole diameter ratio to pitch, where the coupling efficiency almost equal to that in conventional GI-type multimode fiber (GI-MMF) collimator could be obtained. On the other hand, it was clarified that GI-PCF collimators were more tolerant for fiber length error compared with GI-MMF collimator and that the GI-PCF with smaller air hole diameter ratio to pitch exhibited a better tolerance in fiber length error. We clarified that the GI-PCF collimator had an ability to obtain better wavelength characteristics with fiber length error compared with the GI-MMF collimator.
KeywordsPhotonic crystal fiber Parabolic air hole diameter distribution Fiber collimator Gaussian beam excitation Beam-propagation method
This work was supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number JP16K06292.
- 12.Yokota, H., Yashima, H., Imai, Y., Sasaki, Y.: Reduction of splice loss between single-mode optical fiber and high nonlinear photonic crystal fiber by air hole diameter control with CO2 laser irradiation. IEICE Trans. (Japanese Edition), J94-C, 53–56 (2011)Google Scholar