Redox zonation for different groundwater flow paths during bank filtration: a case study at Liao River, Shenyang, northeastern China

  • Xiaosi Su
  • Shuai Lu
  • Wenzhen Yuan
  • Nam Chil Woo
  • Zhenxue Dai
  • Weihong Dong
  • Shanghai Du
  • Xinyue Zhang
Paper
  • 109 Downloads

Abstract

The spatial and temporal distribution of redox zones in an aquifer is important when designing groundwater supply systems. Redox zonation can have direct or indirect control of the biological and chemical reactions and mobility of pollutants. In this study, redox conditions are characterized by interpreting the hydrogeological conditions and water chemistry in groundwater during bank infiltration at a site in Shenyang, northeast China. The relevant redox processes and zonal differences in a shallow flow path and deeper flow path at the field scale were revealed by monitoring the redox parameters and chemistry of groundwater near the Liao River. The results show obvious horizontal and vertical components of redox zones during bank filtration. Variations in the horizontal extent of the redox zone were controlled by the different permeabilities of the riverbed sediments and aquifer with depth. Horizontally, the redox zone was situated within 17 m of the riverbank for the shallow flow path and within 200 m for the deep flow path. The vertical extent of the redox zone was affected by precipitation and seasonal river floods and extended to 10 m below the surface. During bank filtration, iron and manganese oxides or hydroxides were reductively dissolved, and arsenic that was adsorbed onto the medium surface or coprecipitated is released into the groundwater. This leads to increased arsenic content in groundwater, which poses a serious threat to water supply security.

Keywords

Bank filtration Redox zonation China Hydrochemistry Arsenic 

Zonation d’oxydoréduction pour différentes voies d’écoulement d’eaux souterraines lors du processus de filtration par Berge: une étude de cas Sur la rivière Liao, Shenyang, Nord-Est de la Chine

Résumé

La distribution spatiale et temporelle des zones d’oxydoréduction (redox) dans un aquifère est. importante lors de la conception de systèmes d’alimentation en eau souterraine. La zonation redox peut contrôler directement ou indirectement les réactions biologiques et chimiques et la mobilité des contaminants. Dans cette étude, les conditions redox sont caractérisées par l’interprétation des conditions hydrogéologiques et la chimie de l’eau des eaux souterraines au cours de l’infiltration par berge sur le site de Shenyang, Nord Est de la Chine. Les processus redox concernés et les différences zonales dans une voie d’écoulement peu profond et une plus profonde à l’échelle du site ont été mis en évidence grâce au suivi des paramètres redox et la chimie des eaux souterraines près de la rivière Liao. Les résultats montrent d’évidentes composantes horizontales et verticales des zones d’oxydoréduction au cours de la filtration sur berge. Les variations horizontales de la zone d’oxydoréduction sont contrôlées par les différentes conductivités hydrauliques des sédiments du lit de la rivière et de l’aquifère en profondeur. Dans un plan horizontal, la zone redox se trouvait à moins de 17 m de la berge pour la voie d’écoulement peu profonde et à moins de 200 m pour la voie d’écoulement profonde. Dans le plan vertical, la zone redox est. influencée par les précipitations et les inondations saisonnières de la rivière et s’étend à 10 m sous la surface. Au cours de l’infiltration par berge, les oxydes ou hydroxydes de fer et de manganèse sont dissous par réduction, et l’arsenic qui a été adsorbé à la surface du milieu ou coprécipité est. relargué dans les eaux souterraines. Cela conduit à une augmentation de la teneur en arsenic dans les eaux souterraines, ce qui constitue une sérieuse menace pour la sécurité de l’approvisionnement en eau potable.

Zonificación redox para diferentes trayectorias de flujo de aguas subterráneas durante la filtración de banco: un estudio de Caso en el río Liao, Shenyang, noreste de China

Resumen

La distribución espacial y temporal de las zonas redox en un acuífero es importante cuando se diseñan sistemas de suministro de agua subterránea. La zonación redox puede tener un control directo o indirecto de las reacciones biológicas y químicas y la movilidad de los contaminantes. En este estudio, las condiciones redox se caracterizan por interpretar las condiciones hidrogeológicas y la química del agua en las aguas subterráneas durante la infiltración del banco en un sitio en Shenyang, al noreste de China. Los procesos redox relevantes y las diferencias zonales en una trayectoria de flujo poco profundo y una trayectoria de flujo más profundo en la escala de campo se revelaron mediante el monitoreo de los parámetros redox y la química del agua subterránea cerca del río Liao. Los resultados muestran componentes horizontales y verticales obvios de las zonas redox durante la filtración de banco. Las variaciones en la extensión horizontal de la zona redox fueron controladas por las diferentes permeabilidades de los sedimentos del lecho del río y del acuífero según la profundidad. Horizontalmente, la zona redox estaba situada a 17 m de la margen del río para la trayectoria de flujo superficial y dentro de los 200 m para la trayectoria de flujo profundo. La extensión vertical de la zona redox se vio afectada por la precipitación y las inundaciones estacionales del río y se extendió a 10 m por debajo de la superficie. Durante la filtración de banco, los óxidos o hidróxidos de hierro y manganeso se disolvieron en forma reductiva, y el arsénico que se adsorbió sobre la superficie del medio o se coprecipitó se libera al agua subterránea. Esto conduce a un mayor contenido de arsénico en las aguas subterráneas, lo que representa una grave amenaza para la seguridad del suministro de agua.

河岸入渗期间不同地下水流通道的氧化还原反应成带现象:中国东北沈阳辽河的一个研究案例

摘要

当设计地下水供水系统时,含水层中氧化还原反应带的空间和时间分布非常重要。氧化还原反应成带现象可直接或间接控制生物和化学反应以及污染物的迁移。在本研究中,通过解译中国东北沈阳某地河岸入渗期间地下水中的水文地质条件和水化学过程,描述了氧化还原反应的特征。通过监测辽河附近地下水中氧化还原反应的参数及化学过程揭示了野外尺度的浅层水流通道及深部水流通道相关的氧化还原反应过程和分区差异。结果显示出,河岸入渗期间有明显的水平和垂直痕迹。氧化还原反应带的水平范围上的变化随深度变化受到河床沉积层和含水层不同渗透率的控制。水平上,对于浅层水流通道,氧化还原反应带位于河岸17 米之内,而对于深层水流通道,则其位于河岸200米以内。氧化环氧反应带垂直范围受到降水和季节性河流洪水的影响,可延伸到地表以下10米。在河岸入渗期间,铁锰氧化物和或氢氧化物还原溶解,吸附在介质表面或者沉淀的砷释放到地下水中。这导致地下水中的砷含量升高,对供水安全产生严重的威胁。

Zona redox em diferentes caminhos do fluxo de água subterrânea durante a filtração em margem: um estudo de Caso no rio Liao, Shenyang, nordeste da China

Resumo

A distribuição especial e temporal das zonas redox em um aquífero é importante quando se projetam os sistemas de abastecimento por águas subterrâneas. Zonas redox podem controlar direta ou indiretamente as reações químicas e biológicas e a mobilidade dos poluentes. Neste estudo, as condições redox são caracterizadas pela interpretação das condições hidrogeológicas e químicas das águas subterrâneas durante a infiltração pelas margens em um local da cidade de Shenyang, nordeste da China. Os relevantes processos redox e diferentes zonas no percurso de fluxo, sejam rasos ou profundos, na escala de campo, foram revelados por monitoramento de parâmetros redox e química das águas subterrâneas próximo ao Rio Liao. Os resultados mostram claramente componentes verticais e horizontais das zonas redox ao longo da filtração em margem. Variações na extensão horizontal da zona redox foram controladas por diferentes permeabilidades dos sedimentos do leito do rio e do aquífero em profundidade. Horizontalmente, a zona redox situa-se a 17 m das margens do rio no percurso de fluxo raso e cerca de 200 m no percurso de fluxo profundo. A extensão vertical da zona redox foi afetada pela precipitação e inundações sazonais do rio e alcançou até 10 m abaixo da superfície. Durante a filtração em margem, óxidos e hidróxidos de ferro e manganês foram dissolvidos e reduzidos, e o arsênio, que foi adsorvido pela superfície do meio ou coprecipitado, foi liberado para as águas subterrâneas. Isto levou ao aumento de concentrações de arsênio nas águas subterrâneas, o que representa sério risco a segurança do abastecimento de água.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank the editors of Hydrogeology Journal and the reviewers for their thoughtful and constructive comments, which helped improve the manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiaosi Su
    • 1
    • 2
  • Shuai Lu
    • 1
    • 3
  • Wenzhen Yuan
    • 4
  • Nam Chil Woo
    • 5
  • Zhenxue Dai
    • 1
    • 2
  • Weihong Dong
    • 1
    • 3
  • Shanghai Du
    • 1
    • 2
  • Xinyue Zhang
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Water Resources and EnvironmentJilin UniversityChangchunChina
  2. 2.College of Construction EngineeringJilin UniversityChangchunChina
  3. 3.College of Environment and ResourcesJilin UniversityChangchunChina
  4. 4.Chinese Academy of Geological SciencesBeijingChina
  5. 5.Department of Earth System SciencesYonsei UniversitySeoulSouth Korea

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