HanFont: large-scale adaptive Hangul font recognizer using CNN and font clustering

  • Jinhyeok Yang
  • Heebeom Kim
  • Hyobin Kwak
  • Injung KimEmail author
Original Paper


We propose a large-scale Hangul font recognizer that is capable of recognizing 3300 Hangul fonts. Large-scale Hangul font recognition is a challenging task. Typically, Hangul fonts are distinguished by small differences in detailed shapes, which are often ignored by the recognizer. There are additional issues in practical applications, such as the existence of almost indistinguishable fonts and the release of new fonts after the training of the recognizer. Only a few recently developed font recognizers are scalable enough to recognize thousands of fonts, most of which focus on the fonts for western languages. The proposed recognizer, HanFont, is composed of a convolutional neural network (CNN) model designed to effectively distinguish the detailed shapes. HanFont also contains a font clustering algorithm to address the issues caused by indistinguishable fonts and untrained new fonts. In the experiments, HanFont exhibits a recognition rate of 94.11% for 3300 Hangul fonts including numerous similar fonts, which is 2.49% higher than that of ResNet. The cluster-level recognition accuracy of HanFont was 99.47% when the 3300 fonts were grouped into 1000 clusters. In a test on 100 new fonts without retraining the CNN model, HanFont exhibited 57.87% accuracy. The average accuracy for the top 56 untrained fonts was 75.76%.


Font recognition Font clustering Large-scale classification Convolutional neural networks Deep learning 



This work was supported by the Cultural Technology R&D Program funded by the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism and Korea Creative Content Agency. This work was supported by the National Program for Excellence in Software funded by the Ministry of Science and ICT, Republic of Korea (2017000130).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of CSEEHandong Global UniversityPohangRepublic of Korea

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