pp 1–7 | Cite as

Contribution of heparin to recovery of incarcerated intestine in a rat incarcerated hernia model

  • Yao Chen
  • Changfu Qin
  • Guanghai Wang
  • Ming Xiao
  • Guodong Xiao
  • Zhongda Luan
  • Chengchao Du
  • Jia WangEmail author
  • Xuedong XuEmail author
Original Article



Inguinal hernias are the most common type of abdominal wall hernias. Although surgery is the only effective treatment for these hernias in adults, several problems associated with surgical treatment have been reported. If the hernia exits from a weak point of the abdominal wall, it can obstruct the bowel, thereby causing serious complications, including intestinal obstruction or strangulation. Through this study, we aimed to analyze the optimal incarceration induction time taken to cause some degree of necrosis from which recovery would be possible in a rat incarcerated abdominal wall hernia model and to determine the efficacy of heparin for expedite recovery from intestinal incarceration.


A rat incarcerated abdominal wall hernia model was constructed, intestinal activity and the incarceration induction time were determined based on the color of the intestine and HE staining of intestinal sections. Heparin and procaine were sprayed onto intestinal surfaces, and their effects on the recovery from intestinal incarceration were evaluated.


Recovery from intestinal incarceration would be better if the incarceration induction time was maintained below 2.5 h in our rat model, and heparin was found to be superior to procaine in the expedite recovery from intestinal incarceration, particularly immediately after relieving such intestines.


The results of this study are significant for planning the treatment of incarcerated inguinal hernia. Further, heparin is superior to procaine in terms of expedite recovery from intestinal incarceration.


Incarcerated inguinal hernia Heparin Animal model Incarceration time 



This research work was funded by the Beijing Municipal Administration of Hospitals’ Youth Program (QML20170307).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

The approval number of experimental animal ethics is AEE17064.

Human and animal rights

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

For this type of study, formal consent is not required.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag France SAS, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.General Surgery of the Third DepartmentThe First Affiliated of Dalian Medical UniversityDalianChina
  2. 2.Department of Hernia and Abdominal Wall SurgeryBeijing Chaoyang Hospital, Capital Medical UniversityBeijingChina
  3. 3.Department of Gastrointestinal SurgeryAffiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical UniversityGuiyangChina
  4. 4.Affiliated Hospital of North Sichuan Medical CollegeNanchongChina

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