The aim of this paper is to explore the impact of environmental innovation on employment in 85 Russian regions (federal subjects) for the period 2010–2014. In particular, we use latitude and longitude coordinates to compute the distance between Russian regions according to haversine formula. In this way, we measure the spillovers as the weighted sum of R&D capital stock on the basis of computed distance. The contribution to the literature is to explore whether environmental innovations are labour-friendly or labour-saving in Russia. From the empirical results of least squares dummy variable corrected (LSDVC) estimator, we observe different results by Federal Districts (groupings of the federal subjects) of the Russian Federation. The finding is very important in terms of policy implications for supporting employment.
Environmental innovations Regional analysis Russian regions Job-creation process Job-creating effect Geographical spillovers
O33 Q52 Q55 R58
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The research leading to these results has received funding from the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation in 2017–2108 (project ID: RFMEFI57217X0005). The authors are grateful to Denis Martynov from HSE (https://www.hse.ru/en/org/persons/39054877#sci) for a help in map visualisation of data.
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