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Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry

, Volume 23, Issue 11, pp 3075–3088 | Cite as

Hydrogen-bromate flow battery: can one reach both high bromate utilization and specific power?

  • Alexander D. ModestovEmail author
  • Dmitry V. Konev
  • Anatoly E. Antipov
  • Mikhail A. Vorotyntsev
Original Paper
  • 51 Downloads

Abstract

Hydrogen-bromate flow battery is a promising hybrid current source for air-deficient environment that functions by electrocatalyzed reactions of hydrogen oxidation and aqueous LiBrO3 reduction. The flow cell consists of porous carbonaceous cathode, platinum catalyzed hydrogen oxidation gas diffusion anode, and separating proton exchange membrane. Performance of the hydrogen-bromate flow battery single cell has been optimized by varying the catholyte feed rate, LiBrO3 concentration in catholyte, hydrogen pressure, membrane thickness, amount of porous carbon at cathode, and Pt loading at anode. Shape of the I-V curve is characterized by a sharp maximum of current, which indicates passivation of one of the electrodes. Combination of conventional reference electrode and home-made thin-film Luggin capillary has been used to monitor separately the polarizations of both flow cell electrodes. Poisoning of platinum hydrogen oxidation electrocatalyst by bromine species, which permeated the membrane, is shown as a major source of performance losses of hydrogen-bromate flow battery at high power density. Hypothesis supported by experiments claims that the degree of the platinum electrocatalyst poisoning is determined by the balance between the rates of the bromine species supply to anode and their removal by liquid water that permeates the membrane. Use of thinner proton exchange membrane and thinner carbonaceous cathode is a prerequisite to achieving high power density of the cell at high current efficiency of the cathode process. At 40 °C, area-specific power reaches 0.74 W cm−2 at the level of catholyte utilization equal to 0.93.

Graphical abstract

Keywords

Electrocatalysis Flow battery Bromine Energy conversion Fuel cells Power sources 

Notes

Funding information

This research was financially supported by the Russian Ministry of Education and Research (Grant № 14.574.21.0150, UIN RFMEFI57417X0150).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.A.N. Frumkin Institute of Physical Chemistry and Electrochemistry RASMoscow GSP-1Russia
  2. 2.D. I. Mendeleev University of Chemical Technology of RussiaMoscowRussia
  3. 3.Institute for Problems of Chemical Physics RASChernogolovkaRussia
  4. 4.M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  5. 5.ICMUBUMR 6302 CNRS-Université de BourgogneDijonFrance

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