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A novel potential oscillation in situ removal method: preparation of ion imprinted 8-HQ/PPy film for the selective separation of zinc ions

  • Mimi Liu
  • Xiao DuEmail author
  • Fengfeng Gao
  • Jinhua Luo
  • Qiang Wang
  • Feifan Liu
  • Lutong Chang
  • Xiaogang HaoEmail author
Original Paper
  • 18 Downloads

Abstract

The zinc ion–imprinted 8-hydroxyquinoline/polypyrrole (8-HQ/PPy) composite film is successfully prepared by using the unipolar pulse electropolymerization (UPEP) method on the carbon cloth substrate. Based on the electrochemically switched ion exchange (ESIX) method, the ion-imprinted film is used to selectively separate zinc ions in the aqueous solution. The zinc ion adsorption kinetics is studied in a batch experiment due to the specific recognition of the ion-imprinted composite film toward zinc ion. The kinetics data of zinc ion adsorption by the imprinted composite film fits well with the pseudo-first-order kinetic model. As a result, when the adsorption potential and initial concentration are − 1.2 V and 25 ppm, respectively, the ion exchange capacity of the imprinted composite film for zinc ions reaches 145.6 mg g−1. In addition, the separation factor (α) are 2.6 and 2.3 of the imprinted composite film for Zn2+ compared with Co2+ and Ni2+, which is attributed to the specific recognition ability of the imprinted composite film for zinc ions. It is expected that the imprinted composite film prepared by the described method can be used for the separation target metal ions.

Keywords

Zinc ions Ion-imprinted Polypyrrole 8-Hydroxyquinoline Selective separation 

Notes

Funding information

This work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 21776191, 21706181) and the International Science & Technology Cooperation Program of China (grant number SQ2017YFGH001900).

Supplementary material

10008_2019_4305_MOESM1_ESM.docx (1.1 mb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 1119 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mimi Liu
    • 1
  • Xiao Du
    • 1
    Email author
  • Fengfeng Gao
    • 1
  • Jinhua Luo
    • 1
  • Qiang Wang
    • 1
  • Feifan Liu
    • 1
  • Lutong Chang
    • 1
  • Xiaogang Hao
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringTaiyuan University of TechnologyTaiyuanChina

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