Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry

, Volume 23, Issue 6, pp 1829–1836 | Cite as

Evaporation induced uniform polypyrrole coating on CuO arrays for free-standing high lithium storage anode

  • Yulin Zhou
  • Xiujuan JinEmail author
  • Jing Ni
  • Shaofeng Zhang
  • Jiao Yang
  • Pengfei Liu
  • Zhaowu Wang
  • Jianfei LeiEmail author
Original Paper


Polypyrrole (PPy) used as popular coatings can improve the electrochemical performance of electrodes greatly; however, uniform coatings of PPy on nanostructures is a challenging task in a solution system. Substitution for liquid phase polymerization reaction, herein a developed evaporation method is reported to make pyrrole vapor in situ polymerization on CuO arrays for the uniform PPy coatings. With the help of this uniform PPy coatings, the unique structure of arrayed CuO film can well maintain the stability of mechanical structures and has rapid transmission of lithium ions and electrons during charge/discharge processes, hence harvesting a high lithium storage. Electrochemical tests indicate that PPy can not only enhance the specific capacities of CuO anodes greatly but also improve the cyclic stability at a high-current density. The specific capacity of the CuO@PPy integrated anode can be up to 561 mAh g−1 at 1 C after 100 cycles, which is increased by almost 33% than that of the pure CuO anode.


Electrochemistry Lithium ion battery Conductive polymer Free-standing Cupric oxide 


Funding information

This work is financially supported by the Natural Science Foundation of Henan Province (Grant no. 162300410093) and the Key Science Foundation of Higher Education of Henan Province (Grant no. 19A140008).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yulin Zhou
    • 1
  • Xiujuan Jin
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jing Ni
    • 1
  • Shaofeng Zhang
    • 1
  • Jiao Yang
    • 1
  • Pengfei Liu
    • 1
  • Zhaowu Wang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jianfei Lei
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.School of Physics and EngineeringHenan University of Science and TechnologyLuoyangChina
  2. 2.National Laboratory of Solid State MicrostructuresNanjing UniversityNanjingChina
  3. 3.Henan Key Laboratory of Photoelectric Energy Stroage Materials and ApplicationsHenan University of Science and TechnologyLuoyangChina

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