Evaporation induced uniform polypyrrole coating on CuO arrays for free-standing high lithium storage anode
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Polypyrrole (PPy) used as popular coatings can improve the electrochemical performance of electrodes greatly; however, uniform coatings of PPy on nanostructures is a challenging task in a solution system. Substitution for liquid phase polymerization reaction, herein a developed evaporation method is reported to make pyrrole vapor in situ polymerization on CuO arrays for the uniform PPy coatings. With the help of this uniform PPy coatings, the unique structure of arrayed CuO film can well maintain the stability of mechanical structures and has rapid transmission of lithium ions and electrons during charge/discharge processes, hence harvesting a high lithium storage. Electrochemical tests indicate that PPy can not only enhance the specific capacities of CuO anodes greatly but also improve the cyclic stability at a high-current density. The specific capacity of the CuO@PPy integrated anode can be up to 561 mAh g−1 at 1 C after 100 cycles, which is increased by almost 33% than that of the pure CuO anode.
KeywordsElectrochemistry Lithium ion battery Conductive polymer Free-standing Cupric oxide
This work is financially supported by the Natural Science Foundation of Henan Province (Grant no. 162300410093) and the Key Science Foundation of Higher Education of Henan Province (Grant no. 19A140008).
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