Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry

, Volume 23, Issue 4, pp 1289–1296 | Cite as

Morphology evolution effects on electrochemical activity of hierarchically stacking SnO2-Sb/TiO2-NTs electrode prepared by the hydrothermal method

  • Xianze Gao
  • Tigang DuanEmail author
  • Li Ma
  • Jian Hou
  • Yonglei Xin
  • Jianping Du
  • Ye ChenEmail author
Original Paper


Distinct three-dimensional hierarchically stacking SnO2-Sb/TiO2-NTs electrode with a good-adhesion TiO2-NTs@SnO2-Sb interlayer, a compact plate SnO2-Sb middle layer, and an apparent uniform microsphere layer was successfully prepared through the hydrothermal method. The evolution of micro-morphology and structure of electrode catalyst layer was realized so as to improve the catalytic performance of electrode through tuning the hydrochloric acid concentration. Experimental results show that SnO2-Sb/TiO2-NTs electrode prepared in 0.5 mol L−1 HCl condition possesses the optimal performance containing a low phenol oxidation potential of 1.2 V (vs. SCE), and a maximum current density of 3.8 mA cm−2 towards phenol degradation in phosphate buffered solution. The electrochemical phenol removal results show that the phenol degradation process coincides with the first-order kinetics and the corresponding optimal constant reaches 14.2 × 10−3 min−1. The TOC removal efficiency of optimal electrode reaches 62%.

Graphical abstract

The evolution of micro-morphology and structure of electrode was realized through tuning the hydrochloric acid concentration so as to improve the catalytic performance of electrode.


SnO2-Sb/TiO2-NTs electrode Morphology evolution Hydrothermal method Hierarchically stacking Phenol degradation 



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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory for Marine Corrosion and ProtectionLuoyang Ship Material Research Institute (LSMRI)QingdaoChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Superlight Materials and Surface Technology of Ministry of Education, College of Material Science and Chemical EngineeringHarbin Engineering UniversityHarbinChina

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