Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry

, Volume 23, Issue 4, pp 1179–1189 | Cite as

Quasi solid-state dye-sensitized solar cell with P(MMA-co-MAA)-based polymer electrolytes

  • V. Sundararajan
  • Norshahirah M. Saidi
  • S. RameshEmail author
  • K. Ramesh
  • G. Selvaraj
  • C. D. Wilfred
Original Paper


A series of poly (methylacrylate-co-methylacrylic acid) (P(MMA-co-MAA)) gel polymer electrolytes containing iodide/triiodide (I/I3) redox mediator from sodium iodide (NaI) dopant salt was synthesized and studied on their conductivity and power conversion efficiency as applied in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSC). A relationship of complex permittivity with increasing frequency was established as well as dispersion relation with modulus studies. Temperature dependence study forms an Arrhenius plot and the highest ionic conductivity achieved was 1.07 mS cm−1 at room temperature with activation energy of 0.224 eV for the gel polymer electrolytes (GPE) with 40 wt% NaI. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) spectroscopy was utilized to evaluate the formation of complexes between the copolymer and salt. Again at 40 wt% NaI, the best performance was observed under photovoltaic investigation using DSSC with energy conversion efficiency of 2.34%. To further understand the electrochemical properties of the GPE, steady-state measurement of triiodide diffusion coefficient was done.


Dye-sensitized solar cells P(MMA-co-MAA) Dielectric behavior FTIR and XRD 



The authors would like to thank Collaborative Research in Engineering, Science & Technology Center (CREST) for their continuous support in this research (PV027-2018). A special thank you to ECLIMO SDN BHD too.

Funding information

This work is financially supported by University of Malaya–Universiti Teknologi Petronas (UM-UTP) Grant (PV009-2017).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. Sundararajan
    • 1
  • Norshahirah M. Saidi
    • 1
  • S. Ramesh
    • 1
    Email author
  • K. Ramesh
    • 1
  • G. Selvaraj
    • 2
  • C. D. Wilfred
    • 2
  1. 1.Centre for Ionics University of Malaya, Department of Physics, Faculty of ScienceUniversity of MalayaKuala LumpurMalaysia
  2. 2.Centre of Research in Ionic Liquids (CORIL)Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS (UTP)TronohMalaysia

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