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TiO2 nanoparticles anchored on three-dimensionally ordered macro/mesoporous carbon matrix as polysulfides’ immobilizers for high performance lithium/sulfur batteries

  • Chunyong Liang
  • Xiaomin Zhang
  • Yan Zhao
  • Taizhe Tan
  • Yongguang Zhang
Original Paper
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Abstract

A three-dimensionally (3D) ordered macro/mesoporous carbon (3DOMC) is synthesized by one-step template method as a TiO2 supporter, and this TiO2/3DOMC hybrid plays the role of immobilizers and can limit any polysulfides from escaping the cathode. The TiO2/3DOMC exhibits high pore volume and specific surface area, accommodating up to 73.2 wt% in sulfur content. As a sulfur host, S/TiO2/3DOMC composite was able to delivered 1105 mAh g−1 on first discharge and 695 mAh g−1 after 150 cycles at a current rate of 0.5 C. Even though at 2 C this material was able to keep a capacity of 551 mAh g−1. We attribute the superior performance to the good conductivity and structural restriction of carbon and the intense electrostatic attraction between metal-oxygen bond and polysulfides to encapsulate sulfur of the TiO2/3DOMC.

Graphical abstract

Schematic of the preparation of the S/TiO2/3DOMC

Keywords

Lithium ion battery Three-dimensionally (3D) ordered macroporous carbon (3DOMC) TiO2/3DOMC hybrid Good conductivity Intense electrostatic attraction 

Notes

Funding information

The study received financial support from the Program for the Outstanding Young Talents of Hebei Province; Scientific Research Foundation for Selected Overseas Chinese Scholars, Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security of China (Grant No. CG2015003002).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Materials Science and Engineering, Research Institute for Energy Equipment MaterialsHebei University of TechnologyTianjinChina
  2. 2.Synergy Innovation Institute of GDUTHeyuanChina

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