Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry

, Volume 23, Issue 2, pp 543–552 | Cite as

Highly selective solid-state sensor for iodide based on the combined use of platinum (IV) phthalocyanine and solidified pyridinium ionic liquid

  • Natalya V. Shvedene
  • Mikhail N. Abashev
  • Suren A. Arakelyan
  • Katerina N. Otkidach
  • Larisa G. Tomilova
  • Igor V. PletnevEmail author
Original Paper


Solid-state iodide-selective electrodes based on the commercial screen-printed electrodes modified with readily available low-melting ionic material (ionic liquid solidifying at room temperature), such as N-cetylpyridinium bromide, CPBr, and a specially synthesized metallo-complex, namely, platinum (IV) phthalocyanine, PctPtCl2, are obtained. For comparison, PVC-membrane ion-selective electrodes (ISE) based on the same compounds and solid-state ISEs with other solid matrices (N-cetylpyridinium chloride, 1,3-dicetylimidazolium iodide) are studied. Plasticized PVC-membrane ISEs exhibit normal selectivity corresponding to the Hofmeister series: interfering effect of large hydrophobic ions (perchlorate, dodecyl sulfate, etc.) is significant. Incorporation of PctPtCl2 metallo-complex into plasticized membranes improves selectivity to a certain extent, but not dramatically. At the same time, the CPBr-based solid-state ISEs demonstrate high selectivity toward iodide even in the presence of hydrophobic anions: the interfering effect of perchlorate and dodecyl sulfate decreases by 3 and 6 orders of magnitude, respectively. The introduction of the metallo-complex into the matrix improves selectivity even more significantly. The CPBr-PctPtCl2-based solid-state sensor demonstrates a reversible and reproducible response to iodide. The electrode function slope S = − (54 ± 1) mV/dec, Cmin = 1.9 × 10−5 M, response time is 5–10 s.


Ion-selective electrodes Iodide-selective electrodes Platinum phthalocyanine Ionic liquids Low-melting ionic materials N-Cetylpyridinium chloride N-Cetylpyridinium bromide 1,3-Dicetylimidazolium iodide Iodide Synthesis of platinum (IV) phthalocyanine 



The authors are grateful to Dr. V.E. Baulin for providing dicetylimidazolium ionic liquid and to Prof. A.A. Karyakin who kindly provided screen-printed planar electrodes.

Funding information

The work was supported by the Russian Science Foundation (project 17-13-01197).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Natalya V. Shvedene
    • 1
  • Mikhail N. Abashev
    • 1
  • Suren A. Arakelyan
    • 1
  • Katerina N. Otkidach
    • 1
  • Larisa G. Tomilova
    • 1
  • Igor V. Pletnev
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Chemistry DepartmentLomonosov Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia

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