Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry

, Volume 23, Issue 2, pp 345–350 | Cite as

Anodic dissolution of chromium at high current densities in sodium nitrate electrolyte

  • M. SchneiderEmail author
  • L. Simunkova
  • M. Manko
  • M. M. Lohrengel
  • W. Hoogsteen
Original Paper


The dissolution mechanism of pure chromium at high current density characteristic for electrochemical machining processes is studied. The combination of electrochemical, microscopic, and spectroscopic techniques leads to a comprehensive interpretation of the dissolution mechanism. The polishing quality increases with increasing nitrate concentration and current density, respectively. The oxygen evolution amounts up to 45% of the consumed anodic charge and the apparent valence of the chromium dissolution decreases with increasing applied potential down to z = 3.5. The authors explain this phenomenon by a passive dissolution of chromium via Cr3+ followed by a chemical oxidation of Cr3+ to dichromate under nitrate reduction to nitrogen.


Anodic dissolution Electrochemical machining (ECM) Chromium Oxygen efficiency 


Funding information

The Philips Consumer Lifestyle (Drachten NL) financially supported this study.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Fraunhofer IKTS DresdenDresdenGermany
  2. 2.Heinrich-Heine-Universität DüsseldorfDüsseldorfFederal Republic of Germany
  3. 3.Philips Consumer LifestyleDrachtenNetherlands

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