Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry

, Volume 23, Issue 1, pp 53–62 | Cite as

Effect of Mg content on discharge behavior of Al-0.05Ga-0.05Sn-0.05Pb-xMg alloy anode for aluminum-air battery

  • Rui Liang
  • Yu Su
  • Xu-Lei SuiEmail author
  • Da-Ming Gu
  • Guo-Sheng Huang
  • Zhen-Bo WangEmail author
Original Paper


Al-0.05Ga-0.05Sn-0.05Pb-xMg alloys with different Mg content have been prepared. Electrochemical tests including constant current discharge test, current polarization test, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) test, and Tafel test are performed. The surface states of the alloys after constant current discharge were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy disperse spectroscopy (EDS). X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis was carried out. We find that different Mg contents have great influence on discharge performance of aluminum alloy anodes by changing the corrosion behavior. The SEM and XRD show that Mg can influence the distribution of corrosion and change the grain size to improve the discharge performance of aluminum anodes. Al-0.05Ga-0.05Sn-0.05Pb-0.1Mg shows the best electrochemical performance due to uniform corrosion and proper grain size. At 800 mA cm−2 constant current discharge, the potential of the aluminum anode can reach − 1.54 V (vs Hg/HgO), and the utilization ratio is over 98%.


Aluminum alloy anode Mg addition Potential Grain size Corrosion distribution 



This research is financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 21273058 and 21673064), China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (Grant No. 2017M621284), Heilongjiang Postdoctoral Fund (Grant No. LBH-Z17074), HIT Environment and Ecology Innovation Special Funds (Grant No. HSCJ201620), and the Research Fund of State Key Laboratory for Marine Corrosion and Protection of Luoyang Ship Material Research Institute (LSMRI) under the contract No. KF160410.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringHarbin Institute of TechnologyHarbinChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory for Marine Corrosion and ProtectionLuoyang Ship Material Research Institute (LSMRI)QingdaoChina
  3. 3.School of Materials Science and EngineeringHarbin Institute of TechnologyHarbinChina

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