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Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry

, Volume 22, Issue 11, pp 3419–3430 | Cite as

Mechanochemically prepared polyaniline and graphene-based nanocomposites as electrodes of supercapacitors

  • Oleg Yu. Posudievsky
  • Olga A. Kozarenko
  • Vyacheslav S. Dyadyun
  • Igor E. Kotenko
  • Vyacheslav G. Koshechko
  • Vitaly D. Pokhodenko
Original Paper
  • 47 Downloads

Abstract

Conductive nanocomposites based on polyaniline and graphene (PAni/Gr) were prepared by cheap and efficient mechanochemical method. The uniform distribution of Gr nanoparticles in the polymer matrix and the ordering of the polymer chains due to the action of mechanical shear stresses, which were established by TEM, stipulated high specific capacitance about 920 F g−1 in − 0.2–1.0 V vs. Ag/AgCl potential range. PAni/Gr-based electrodes are able to provide the specific capacitance of ~ 750 F g−1 at 2 A g−1 in symmetric supercapacitors (SSC) and stably cycle at the operating voltage V = 0.65 V for 10,000 charge-discharge cycles with 96% capacitance retention, whereas the increasing of V leads to the loss of stability as a result of the cathode degradation. PAni/Gr-based SSC possessed improved self-discharge showed high rate capability, and the specific power of such SSC could reach ~ 10 kW kg−1 at the specific energy of ~ 18 W h kg−1.

Notes

Funding information

This work was supported by the Targeted Research & Development Initiatives of the Science and Technology Center in Ukraine and the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and Targeted Comprehensive Fundamental Research Program of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine “Fundamental problems of creating new nanomaterials and nanotechnologies.”

Supplementary material

10008_2018_4052_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (1.1 mb)
ESM 1 (PDF 1104 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.L.V. Pisarzhevsky Institute of Physical Chemistry of the National Academy of Sciences of UkraineKyivUkraine
  2. 2.National Technical University of Ukraine “Kyiv Polytechnic Institute”KyivUkraine

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