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Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry

, Volume 22, Issue 11, pp 3409–3417 | Cite as

Mn3O4/carbon nanotubes nanocomposites as improved anode materials for lithium-ion batteries

  • Doudou Gao
  • Sisi Luo
  • Yuhong Zhang
  • Jiyan Liu
  • Huiming Wu
  • Shiquan Wang
  • Peixin He
Original Paper

Abstract

Mn3O4 and Mn3O4 (140)/CNTs have been investigated as high-capacity anode materials for lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) applications. Nanoparticle Mn3O4 samples were synthesized by hydrothermal method using Mn(Ac)2 and NH3·H2O as the raw materials and characterized by XRD, TG, EA, TEM, and SEM. Its electrochemical performances, as anode materials, were evaluated by galvanostatic discharge-charge tests. The Mn3O4 (140)/CNTs displays outstanding electrochemical performances, such as high initial capacity (1942 mAh g−1), stable cycling performance (1088 mAh g−1 and coulombic efficiency remain at 97% after 60 cycles) and great rate performance (recover 823 mAh g−1 when return to initial current density after 44 cycles). Compared to pure Mn3O4 (140), the improving electrochemical performances can be attributed to the existence of very conductive CNTs. The Mn3O4 (140)/CNTs with excellent electrochemical properties might find applications as highly effective materials in electromagnetism, catalysis, microelectronic devices, etc. The process should also offer an effective and facile method to fabricate many other nanosized metallic oxide/CNTs nanocomposites for low-cost, high-capacity, and environmentally benign materials for LIBs.

Keywords

Mn3O4 CNTs Nanocomposite Lithium-ion battery 

Notes

Funding information

This work was financially supported by the opening project of Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Chemical Material and Devices, Ministry of Education (Jianghan University) (JDGD-201508) and the project of science and technology innovation team of outstanding young and middle-aged scientists, Department of Education of Hubei Province (T201801).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Hubei Collaborative Innovation Center for Advanced Organic Chemical Materials, Key Laboratory for the Synthesis and Application of Organic Functional Molecules, Ministry of Education, College of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringHubei UniversityWuhanPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Chemical Material and Devices, Ministry of EducationJianghan UniversityWuhanPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Wuhan Haocheng Battery Technology Co. Ltd.WuhanPeople’s Republic of China

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