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Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry

, Volume 22, Issue 9, pp 2917–2928 | Cite as

Functionalized graphene–polyaniline nanocomposite as electrode material for asymmetric supercapacitors

  • Changyuan Bao
  • Qingqing He
  • Jiajun Han
  • Jinning Cheng
  • Ruitao Zhang
Original Paper
  • 190 Downloads

Abstract

A polyaniline/sulfonated graphene (PANI/SG) nanostructure was synthesized as electrode material for an asymmetric supercapacitor via a novel in situ chemical oxidative polymerization method including two oxidants. The composite’s structure and morphology were characterized by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) measurements. Furthermore, the electrochemical performances of the composite were characterized by cyclic voltammetry (CV), galvanostatic charge–discharge (GCD), and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) techniques in detail. In addition, we have triumphantly manufactured an asymmetric supercapacitor (ASC) employing activated carbon (AC) and PANI/SG as the positive and negative electrodes, respectively. The ASC possessed an extended potential window (1.4 V), a remarkable cycling property (85.9% capacitance retention after 5000 cycles), and a satisfactory average energy and power density (23 Wh/kg and 6.1 kW/kg).

Notes

Acknowledgements

We gratefully acknowledged the support provided by School of Marine Science and Technology, Harbin Institute of Technology, Weihai.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Changyuan Bao
    • 1
  • Qingqing He
    • 2
  • Jiajun Han
    • 1
  • Jinning Cheng
    • 1
  • Ruitao Zhang
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Applied ChemistryHarbin Institute of TechnologyWeihaiChina
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryZhejiang UniversityZhejiangChina

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