Transition metal-doped carbon sphere as enhanced catalysts for oxygen reduction
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Herein, carbon sphere (CS-T) were successfully prepared by pyrolyzation melamine formaldehyde resin. And then different transition metals (Fe, Co, Ni) were doped on carbon sphere (CS-M-900). The scanning electron microscopes and elemental mappings prove that the transition metal particles are uniformly doped on the carbon sphere. Meanwhile, the X-ray photoelectron spectrum prove that the transition metals are zero-valence. Furthermore, the electrochemical testings showed the CS-Co-900 had more positive onset potential (0.93 V), half-wave potential (0.84 V), and peak potential (0.81 V). Furthermore, the CS-Co-900 had lower charge transfer resistance (44 Ω) and smaller Tafel slope (65 mV/dec). Most importantly, the oxygen reduction reaction on the CS-Co-900 turned out to be a four electron procedure with excellent methanol tolerance. The improved electrochemical properties towards oxygen reduction reactions of carbon sphere via cobalt doping suggested a design strategy towards future high-performance electrochemical devices.
KeywordsMelamine formaldehyde resin Carbon sphere Transition metal doping Oxygen reduction
We acknowledge financial support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (grant no. 21205030), and by key project of Hubei provincial education department (D20171001) and Hubei Key Laboratory of Ferro & Piezoelectric Materials and Devices (201710).
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