Effects of Nb substitution on structure and electrochemical properties of LiNi0.7Mn0.3O2 cathode materials
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Nb-doped cathode materials with the formula Li(Ni0.7Mn0.3)1−xNbxO2 (x = 0, 0.01, 0.02, 0.03, 0.04) have been prepared successfully by calcining the mixtures of LiOH·H2O, Nb2O5, and Ni0.7Mn0.3(OH)2 precursor formed through a simple continuous co-precipitation method. The effects of Nb substitution on the crystal structure and electrochemical properties of LiNi0.7Mn0.3O2 were studied systematically by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and various electrochemical measurements. The results show that the lattice parameters of the Nb substitution LiNi0.7Mn0.3O2 samples are slightly larger than that of pure LiNi0.7Mn0.3O2, and the basic α-NaFeO2 layered structure does not change with the Nb doping. What’s more, better morphology, lower resistance, and good cycle stability were obtained after Nb substitution. In addition, CV test exhibits that Nb doping results in lower electrode polarization and XPS results indicate that the valence of Mn kept constant but the component of Ni3+ decreased after doping. All the results indicate that Nb doping in LiNi0.7Mn0.3O2 is a promising method to improve the properties of Ni-rich lithium-ion batteries positive-electrode materials.
KeywordsLithium-ion batteries Ni-rich positive-electrode materials Niobium doping Electrochemical properties
This work received financial support from the National Natural Science Fund of China (No. 51372104), Jiangxi Province Science and Technology Plan Project (grant nos. 20141BBE50019, 20151BBE50106), Youth science fund program of Jiangxi science and technology bureau (grant no. 2010GQC0064), and Jiangxi Provincial Education Office Natural Science Fund Project (GJJ170510).
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