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A single-center experience in the management of head and neck lymphangiomas

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Abstract

Introduction

Lymphangiomas are relatively uncommon head and neck region lymphatic malformations. Although surgery can be still considered the mainstay of treatment, sclerotherapy by OK-432 is becoming a widespread treatment option. The aim of this article is to present and discuss the management and outcomes of a series of cases of lymphangiomas.

Methods

All patients with lymphangiomas who were treated from 2010 to 2018 were reviewed. The following data were recorded: age, gender, subtype, staging, type of treatment, outcome, and recurrence.

Results

Fifteen patients (9 females, 6 males) were included with 2 microcystic and 13 macrocystic lymphangiomas. Six patients underwent surgery with excision (5 with a complete success, one with a fair success), whereas the remaining 9 subjects underwent sclerotherapy by OK-432 (6 with a complete success, 3 with a fair success). No postoperative complications were observed.

Conclusions

All modes of treatment are important in properly selected patients affected by lymphangiomas. OK-432 therapy is a safe and effective option in the treatment of head and neck lymphangiomas.

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Author information

Correspondence to Paolo Boffano.

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Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

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Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Aluffi Valletti, P., Brucoli, M., Boffano, P. et al. A single-center experience in the management of head and neck lymphangiomas. Oral Maxillofac Surg 24, 109–115 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10006-020-00832-z

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Keywords

  • Maxillofacial malformation
  • Plastic surgery
  • Lymphangioma
  • Head and neck
  • Surgery
  • OK-432