Advertisement

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

, Volume 23, Issue 1, pp 63–69 | Cite as

Dental injuries in patients associated with fracture of facial bones

  • Monika GuptaEmail author
  • Debdutta Das
  • Kanwaldeep Soodan
  • Chandandeep Singh
Original Article
  • 3 Downloads

Abstract

Purpose

To assess different types of dental injuries associated with facial bone fractures.

Method

One hundred dentate patients were selected randomly of all age and gender who had maxillofacial trauma only and having dental injury in association with facial bones fractures were included. They were thoroughly examined for injury/fracture to facial region as well as for dental injuries (teeth). Tooth injuries were noted according to Ellis classification. The data was collected, compiled, and put to statistical analysis.

Results

Dental injuries were more in females than males found to be statistically significant with (p < 0.05).Crown fracture of maxillary teeth was more as compared to mandibular except molars found to be statistically significant (p < 0.05). Root fracture was more in maxillary incisors followed by canine as compared to mandibular incisors and canines found to be insignificant. Avulsion, extrusion and luxation were more in maxilla as compared to mandible found to be significant.

Conclusion

Different types of tooth injuries associated with facial bone fracture found more in females and maxillary teeth.

Keywords

Dental Injuries Fracture Facial bone 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

References

  1. 1.
    ulf G (2008) Epidemiology of traumatic dental injuries – a 12 year review of the literature. Dent Traumatol 24:p603–p611CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Cavalcanti AL, Bezerra PKM, Oliveira M, Granville-Garcia AL (2010) Maxillofacial injuries and dental trauma in patients aged 19–80 years. Recife Brazil. Rev Esp Cir Oral Maxilofac 32(1):11–16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Thoren H et al (2010) Occurrence and types of dental injuries among patients with maxillofacial fractures. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 39:p774–p778CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Lieger O, Zix J, Kruse A, Iizuka T (2009) Dental injuries in association with facial fractures. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 67:1680–1684CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Dutra FT, Marinho AM, Sad Godoi PF, Borges CM, Ferreira EF, Zarzar PM (2010) Prevalence of dental trauma and associated factors among 1- to 4-year-old children. J Dent Child 77:146–151Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Sowray JH (1985) Localised injuries of the teeth and alveolar process. In: Rowe NL, Williams JL1 (eds) Maxillofacial injuries, vol 1, 1st edn. pp 214–215 Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Thorén H, Snäll J, Salo J, Suominen-Taipale L, Kormi E, Lindqvist C, Törnwall J (2010) Occurrence and types of associated injuries in patients with fractures of the facial bones. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 68:805–810CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Ellis RG, Davey EW (1970) Classification and treatment of injuries to the teeth of children, 5th edn. Year Book Medical Publishers, ChicagoGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Subhashraj K, Nandakumar N, Ravindran C (2007) Review of maxillofacial injuries in Chennai, India: a study of 2748 cases. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 45:637–639CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Goldschmidt MJ, Castiglione CL, Assael LA, Litt MD (1995) Craniomaxillofacial trauma in the elderly. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 53:1145–1149CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Bataineh AB (1998) Etiology and incidence of maxillofacial fractures in the north of Jordan. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 86:31–35CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Oginni FO, Ugboko VI, Ogundipe O, Adegbehingbe BO (2006) Motorcycle-related maxillofacial injuries among Nigerian intracity road users. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 64:56–62CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Roccia F, Boffano P, Bianchi FA, Ramieri G (2013) An 11-year review of dental injuries associated with maxillofacial fractures in Turin, Italy. Oral Maxillofac Surg 17:269–274CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Ruslin M, Wolf J, Boffano P, Brand HS, Forouzanfar T (2015) Dental trauma in association with maxillofacial fractures: an epidemiological study. Dent Traumatol 31(4):318–323CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Schatz JP, Joho JP (1994) A retrospective study of dento-alveolar injuries. Dent Traumatol 10 (1):11–14CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Altay N, Gungor HC (2001) A retrospective study of dento-alveolar injuries of children in Ankara, Turkey. Dent Traumatol 17:201–204CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Rahimi-Nedjat RK, Sagheb K, Walter C (2014) Concomitant dental injuries in maxillofacial fractures – a retrospective analysis of 1219 patients. Dent Traumatol 30:435–441CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Motamedi MHK (2003) An assessment of maxillofacial fractures: a 5-year study of 237 patients. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 61:61–64CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Arangio P, Vellone V, Torre U, Calafati V, Capriotti M, Cascone P (2014) Maxillofacial fractures in the province of Latina, Lazio, Italy: review of 400 injuries and 83 cases. J Craniomaxillofac Surg 42(5):583–587CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Caldas AF Jr, Burgos MEA (2001) A retrospective study of traumatic dental injuries in a Brazilian dental trauma clinic. Dent Traumatol 17:250–253CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Vanka A, Ravi KS, Roshan NM, Shashikiran ND (2010) Analysis of reporting pattern in children aged 7 to 14 years with traumatic injuries to permanent teeth. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 3(1):15–19CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Alkhadra T, Preshing W, El BT (2016) Prevalence of traumatic dental injuries in patients Attending University of Alberta Emergency Clinic. Open Dent J 10:315–321CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.M.M College of Dental Sciences & Research,AmbalaIndia

Personalised recommendations