Further understanding of the Ru-centered [2+2] cycloreversion/cycloaddition involved into the interconversion of ruthenacyclobutane using the Grubbs catalysts from a reaction force analysis
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The chemical reactivity of the first- and second-generation Grubbs catalysts has always been a significant issue in olefin metathesis. In the present work, we study the [2+2] cycloreversion/cycloaddition and the alkylidene rotation involved into the interconversion of the ruthenacyclobutane intermediate, through the reaction force and reaction force constant analysis. It has been found that the structural contribution controls the barrier energy in the interconversion of ruthenacyclobutane via [2+2] cycloreversion/cycloaddition, which is slightly lower in the second generation of Grubbs catalysts while its electronic contribution is slightly higher, which unveils a major rigidity and donor/acceptor properties of the NHC. This finding explains a greater structural contribution in the rate constant. Moreover, on the basis of the reaction force constant, the process can be classified as “two-stage”-concerted reactions, noting a more asynchronous process when the first generation is used as a catalyst.
Finally, a similar analysis into the alkylidene rotation was performed. It was determined that [2+2] cycloreversion and alkylidene rotations take place in a sequential manner, the energy barrier is again controlled by structural reorganization, and the pathway is less asynchronous.
KeywordsRu-centered [2+2] cycloreversion/cycloaddition Reaction force constant Grubbs catalysts Density functional calculations
K.P-G., F.M, and P.J thank CONICYT through the FONDECYT projects 3170117, 1180158, and 1181914, respectively. Moreover, K.P-G. acknowledges “CONICYT+PAI+CONVOCATORIA NACIONAL SUBVENCIÓN A INSTALACIÓN EN LA ACADEMIA CONVOCATORIA AÑO 2018 + PAI77180024.”
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