Journal of Molecular Modeling

, 25:279 | Cite as

Structure and bonding in triorganotin chlorides: a perspective from energy decomposition analysis

  • Marcus V. J. Rocha
  • Felipe S. Vilhena
  • Matheus R. M. Signorelli
  • José W. de M. Carneiro
  • Teodorico C. Ramalho
  • Luciano T. CostaEmail author
Original Paper


The Sn–Cl chemical bond of four organotin halides (Me3SnCl, Et3SnCl, Bu3SnCl, and Ph3SnCl) was studied by using relativistic density functional theory in combination with a quantitative energy decomposition analysis to explain the formation of charged species. The σ orbital is the dominant contributor to the stabilization of the Sn–Cl bond, and the π-orbital interactions also have a significant contribution to the stabilization of Ph3Sn+ cation when the aromatic groups are bonded to the tin atom. The aromaticity of the phenyl groups delocalizes the positive charge, donating electrons to tin atom by conjugation. Although Me3SnCl and Ph3SnCl are constituted by groups which the size of the substituents is different, the interaction energies obtained with the energy decomposition analysis present similar values, which also occur with the thermodynamic parameters.

Graphical abstract

Organotin compounds have widely studied as a potential antitumoral agent. The mechanism in triorganotin compounds includes the formation of cation species, R3Sn+. This article studies the influence of the R groups on the rupture of Sn–Cl bond using the fragment analysis and quantitative energy decomposition analysis.


Organotin compounds Energy decomposition analysis DFT 


Funding information

We thank CAPES, CNPq, and FAPERJ for financial support. This study was in part financed by the Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior - Brasil (CAPES) - Finance Code 001

Supplementary material

894_2019_4144_MOESM1_ESM.docx (302 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 301 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marcus V. J. Rocha
    • 1
    • 2
  • Felipe S. Vilhena
    • 1
  • Matheus R. M. Signorelli
    • 1
  • José W. de M. Carneiro
    • 1
  • Teodorico C. Ramalho
    • 2
  • Luciano T. Costa
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Instituto de Química, Departamento de Físico-QuímicaUniversidade Federal Fluminense (UFF)NiteróiBrazil
  2. 2.Departamento de QuímicaUniversidade Federal de Lavras (UFLA)LavrasBrazil

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