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Theoretical design of metal-phthalocyanine dye-sensitized solar cells with improved efficiency

  • K. Harrath
  • S. Hussain Talib
  • S. Boughdiri
Original Paper

Abstract

The present work carried out a theoretical study of the electronic structures, absorption spectra, and photovoltaic performance of two series of transition metal-phthalocyanine derived from nonperipheral electron-donating substituents, either (2-phenyl) phenoxy(M-PC1) or quinoleinoxy(M-PC2). The DFT and TD-DFT were employed for this study. The effect of modifying the central metal atoms and the substitution on cell performance were investigated in terms of polarizability (α), hyper-polarizability (β), chemical potential (μ), chemical hardness (η), electrophilicity power (ω), FMOs, energy gaps, UV/vis absorption spectra and injected driving force (ΔGinject), light harvesting efficiencies (LHE), total reorganization energy (λtot), open circuit photovoltage (Voc), and life time of the excited state (τ). The results obtained by using these parameters showed that the replacement of (2-phenyl) phenoxy by a proposed substituent such as quinoleinoxy would increase the hyper-polarizability, light harvesting efficiency, and open circuit photovoltage, while on the other hand the reorganization energy and the injection driving force are decreased. Modifying central metal atoms, such as Zn, Cd, Pd, and Pt, exhibited good performance in terms of the driving force of electron injection, charge transfer characteristics, and dye reorganization as compared with the Cu reference dye. The findings provided a useful prediction and perspective for the promising future for high-efficiency dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) with dyes based on phthalocyanine.

Graphical abstract

Photovoltaic performance of Metallo-phthalocyanine contening (2-phenyl) phenoxy and quinoleinoxy

Keywords

DFT TD-DFT calculations Phthalocyanine Dyes-sensitized solar cells 

Supplementary material

894_2018_3821_MOESM1_ESM.docx (32 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 31 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Unité de recherche physico-chimie des Matériaux à l’état condensé, Département de Chimie, Faculté des Sciences de TunisUniversité Tunis El ManarTunisTunisia
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryMohi-Ud-Din Islamic University, AJ&KIslmabadPakistan

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