RETRACTED ARTICLE:Theoretical study of the fragmentation of ionized benzophenone

  • Noura KhemiriEmail author
  • Manef Abderrabba
  • Sabri Messaoudi
Original Paper


A detailed theoretical study of the various possible fragmentation reactions of the benzophenone radical cation was carried out for the first time. In the first step, we optimized the geometries of all the structures resulting from the fragmentation of this cation using density functional theory (DFT). Our calculations were performed in the gas phase using the aug-cc-pVTZ basis set and the PBE1PBE functional. We determined the optimized structural parameters and the harmonic and anharmonic frequencies. The energies corresponding to all the optimized molecules were recalculated using the coupled cluster method CCSD(T). Upon comparing the fragmentation reaction energies, we found that the principal reaction was that leading to C7H5O+ and ·C6H5. We were able to theoretically demonstrate the existence of different fragments of the benzophenone cation: CO, CO+·, ·C6H5, C6H5+, ·C7H5O, C7H5O+, biphenyl, and (biphenyl)+·, and we found that the main products of the fragmentation reactions of the benzophenone cation are C7H5O+ and (biphenyl)+·, which have been observed experimentally using slow photoelectron spectroscopy (SPES). Our theoretical results are in good agreement with the experimental results from benzophenone cation spectroscopy and fragmentation obtained using Benoît Soep’s equipment at Synchrotron SOLEIL.


Benzophenone cation Fragmentation DFT calculation Coupled cluster calculation SPES spectra 



NK acknowledges Prof. J.-M. Mestdagh, B. Soep, M.-A. Gaveau, L. Poisson, and M. Briant (LYDIL, CEA, CNRS) for their assistance with the SPES spectral analysis (Ligne DESIRS, Synchroton SOLEIL), and Prof. M. Hochlaf (MSME) for providing calculation resources/computer time.

Supplementary material

894_2018_3766_MOESM1_ESM.docx (3.5 mb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 3587 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratoire Matériaux, Molécules et Applications, Institut Préparatoire aux Etudes Scientifiques et Techniques, La MarsaUniversité de CarthageCarthageTunisie

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