Structural determinants increasing flexibility confer cold adaptation in psychrophilic phosphoglycerate kinase
Crystal structures of phosphoglycerate kinase (PGK) from the psychrophile Pseudomonas sp. TACII 18 have been determined at high resolution by X-ray crystallography methods and compared with mesophilic, thermophilic and hyperthermophilic counterparts. PGK is a two-domain enzyme undergoing large domain movements to catalyze the production of ATP from 1,3-biphosphoglycerate and ADP. Whereas the conformational dynamics sustaining the catalytic mechanism of this hinge-bending enzyme now seems rather clear, the determinants which underlie high catalytic efficiency at low temperatures of this psychrophilic PGK were unknown. The comparison of the three-dimensional structures shows that multiple (global and local) specific adaptations have been brought about by this enzyme. Together, these reside in an overall increased flexibility of the cold-adapted PGK thereby allowing a better accessibility to the active site, but also a potentially more disordered transition state of the psychrophilic enzyme, due to the destabilization of some catalytic residues.
KeywordsPhosphoglycerate kinase Psychrophile Enzyme Hinge bending Pseudomonas sp. TACII 18 Cold adaptation
This work was supported by the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, by the European Union under the form of a TMR contract CT970131 (ColdNet), and by the Fonds National de la Recherche Scientifique, Belgium (Grants to GF and CG).
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